Syntaxonomy of vegetation of Kalush hexachlorobenzene toxic waste landfill (Ivano-Frankivsk region)


  • V. I. Parpan Vasyl Stefanyk PreCarpathian National University
  • N. V. Shumska Vasyl Stefanyk PreCarpathian National University
  • M. J. Rudeichuk-Kobzeva Vasyl Stefanyk PreCarpathian National University
  • M. M. Mylenka Vasyl Stefanyk PreCarpathian National University
Keywords: syntaxonomy of vegetation, landfill of toxic waste, hexachlorobenzene

Abstract

The vegetation of a landfill of hexachlorobenzene toxic waste was studied. It is situated in the neighborhood of Kalush (Ivano-Frankivsk region) and has an area of 4.5 ha. As a result of damage to the containers, hazardous waste has contaminated the air, soil and aquifers at the test site and adjacent areas. During the period 2010–2012 measures were taken to recover and remove the mixture of toxic waste and contaminated soil from the landfill. In its place, unpolluted soil was brought to the landfill. Work was carried out to recultivate the territory. Nowadays natural succession of vegetation cover is observed. There is closed herbaceous cover in the western part of the landfill. The total projective herbaceous cover in the central and eastern parts varies from 10% to 60%. Vegetation composition of the landfill contains eight syntaxa of association rank that belong to seven alliances, six orders and five classes. Communities of the Phragmito-Magnocaricetea and Bolboschoenetea maritimi classes (ass. Typhetum laxmanii) grow in areas with excessive humidification. The central and eastern parts of the waste landfill are primarily occupied by halophytic communities of the Puccinellio distanti-Tripolietum vulgare association of the Asteretea tripolium class. Ruderal communities belong to three associations of the Artemisietea vulgaris class. These communities mainly occur in the periphery zone of Kalush landfill. Areas with a moderate moisture regime are occupied by ruderal communities of the Calamagrostietum epigeios association of the Agropyretea repentis class. The total number of vascular herbaceous plant species at the landfill is 119. The dominating groups are meadow, synanthropic and wetland species. The differentiation of vegetation cover is caused by heterogeneity of edaphic and hydrological conditions, also by different activity of succession processes. 

References

Barbarych, A.I., 1977. Heobotanichne raionuvannia Ukrainskoi RSR [Geobotanical zoning Ukrainian SSR]. Naukova Dumka, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
Canonero, R., Campart, G.B., Mattioli, F., Robbiano, L., Martelli, A., 1997. Testing of dichlorobenzene and hexachlorobenzene for their ability to induce DNA damage and micronucleus formation in primary cultures of rat and human hepatocytes. Mutagenesis 12, 35–39. >> doi.org/10.1093/mutage/12.1.35
Dancza, I., 2009. Syntaxonomic studies on the ruderal plant communities in Southwest Transdanubia (Hungary). Acta Bot. Hung. 51, 35–59. >> doi.org/10.1556/abot.51.2009.1-2.7
Eurochlor, 2005. Hexachlorobenzene – Sources, environmental fate and risk characterisation. Science dossier edited by Barber, J., Sweetman, A., Jones, K. Brussels, Belgium.
Herenchuk, K.I., 1973. Pryroda Ivano-Frankivskoi oblasti [Nature Ivano-Frankivsk region]. Vyshcha Shkola, Lviv (in Ukrainian).
Hexachlorobenzene. BUA Report 119 (German Chemical Society-Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance), 1994. Stuttgart, S. Hirzel Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft.
Jarić, S., Mitrović, M., Vrbničanin, S., Karadžić, B., Djurdjević, L., Kostić, O., Mačukanović-Jocić, M., Gajić, G., Pavlović, P., 2011. A contribution to studies of the ruderal vegetation of Southern Srem, Serbia. Arch. Biol. Sci. 63(4), 1181–1197. >> doi.org/10.2298/abs1104181j
Kojić, M., Stanković-Kalezić, R., Radivojević, L., Vrbničanin, S., 2004. Contribution to the study of the ruderal vegetation of Astern Srem II. Acta Herbologica 13(1), 75–82.
Kosman, Y.H., Sirenko, I.P., Solomakha, V.A., Sheliah-Sosonko, Y.R., 1991. Novyi kompiuternyi metod obrobky opysiv roslynnykh uhrupovan [New computer processing method descriptions of plant communities]. Ukr. Botan. Zhurn. 48(2), 98–104 (in Ukrainian).
Matuszkiewicz, W., 2001. Przewodnik do oznaczania zbiorowisk roślinnych Polski [Guide for the determination of plant Polish]. Wydawnictwo naukowe PWN, Warszawa (in Polish).
Mosyakin, S., Fedoronchuk, M., 1999. Vascular plants of Ukraine. A nomenclatural checklist. National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine, Kiev.
Natsionalnyi atlas Ukrainy [National Atlas of Ukraine], 2008. Kartohrafiia, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
Prach, K., Pyśek, P., Bastl, M., 2001. Spontaneous vegetation succession in human disturbed habitats: A pattern across areas. Appl. Veg. Sci. 4, 83–88. >> doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-109x.2001.tb00237.x
Rahmonov, O., Snytko, V.A., Szczypek, T., Parusel, T., 2013. Vegetation development on postindustrial territories of the Silesian Upland (Southern Poland). Geography and Natural Resources 34(1), 96–103. >> doi.org/10.1134/s1875372813010137
Solomakha, V.A., 2008. Syntaksonomiia roslynnosti Ukrainy [Syntaxonomy vegetation Ukraine]. Fitosotsiotsentr, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
Tzonev, R., Lysenko, T., Gusev, C., Zhelev, P., 2008. The halophytic vegetation in South-East Bulgaria and along the Black Sea Coast. Hacquetia 7(2), 95–121. >> doi.org/10.2478/v10028-008-0006-3
Yamborko, N.A., Iutynska, H.O., Levchuk, I.V., Pindrus, A.A., 2013. Komponentnyi sklad zabrudnen i stan mikrobnoho tsenozu gruntu polihonu zakhoronennia khlororhanichnykh vidkhodiv [Component composition of microbial contamination and condition coenosis soil landfill waste disposal organochlorine]. Mikrobiol. Zhurn. 75(3), 24–31 (in Ukrainian).
Yunatov, A.A., 1964. Tipy i soderzhaniye geobotanicheskikh issledovaniy. Vybor probnykh ploshchadey i zalozheniye ekologicheskikh profiley [Types and content of geo-botanical studies. Selection of plots and the initiation of environmental profiles]. Polevaya geobotanika [Field geobotany], 3. Nauka, Moscow, Leninhrad. P. 9–36 (in Russian).
Published
2016-09-12
Section
Articles