Application of remote sensing data for monitoring eutrophication of floodplain water bodies
AbstractThe aim of this article was to investigate the influence of structural features of the floodplain water network on the spatial and temporal dynamics of chlorophyll-a concentration as an indicator of eutrophication. The research was conducted in the waters of the “Dnipro-Orilskiy” Nature Reserve. The geographic information base with polygonal objects which represented water bodies of the reserve was created on the basis of detailed geographical maps and the high resolution space images. The water bodies were characterized using such parameters as the distance of the water body centroid from the nearest shore of the Dnipro River, the area of the water body, the order of the water body and the connectivity of the water body. Chlorophyll-а concentration was estimated based on the surface algal bloom index. The information was obtained about 148 water bodies, 141 of which are water bodies in the floodplain of the Dnipro River. The area of floodplain water bodies within the reserve was 3.28 million m2. The area of floodplain water bodies ranged from 300–232,500 m2. Trophic State Index allows us to estimate the trophic level of Dnipro River waters as mesotrophic, water bodies of first and second order as eutrophic, and water bodies of third and fourth order as hypereutrophic. The dynamics of chlorophyll-a content in water followed the seasonal course of temperatures. The concentration was lowest in the cold period of the year and reached its maximum in the second half of summer. The autumn decrease occurred at the end of September. The seasonal course of air temperature was superimposed on the peculiarities of the temperature regime of a particular water body, which depended on its depth and flow rate. The time, water body area, distance from the Dnipro River channel, connectivity and order of water bodies were the statistically significant predictors of chlorophyll concentration in water and were able to explain 85% of the variation of this indicator. The increase in chlorophyll-a concentration with increasing order of a water body is due to a decrease in the intensity of water exchange and a decrease in the depth of water bodies of higher order. An increase in the order of a water body is accompanied by a branching network of water bodies, the ability of water bodies to clear sediments decreases. Sediment accumulation leads to a decrease in their depth. Warming of shallow ponds and accumulation of organic matter in them are factors of intensive growth of blue-green algae. The evacuation of surplus organic matter, which results from mass vegetation development with excessive nutrient inputs, is a key driver of the eutrophic regime of water bodies. The increasing importance of regulatory processes develops in agreement with an increase in chlorophyll-a concentration in a water body. The importance of the considered factors reaches the highest level in summer time, when simultaneous maximum warming of water bodies and minimum water level in them take place. Accordingly, the differences between deep and relatively cool water bodies and shallow water bodies that warm up quickly, which significantly stimulates the growth of organic mass, reach the greatest contrast. The spatial patterns of variation in chlorophyll-a concentration have a complex multiscale structure, indicating the multiple nature of the acting factors. The spatial variability was represented as a composition of broad-scale and medium-scale spatial processes. The broad-scale process is most dependent on connectivity, whereas for the medium-scale process the leading one is the effect of water body order.
Avtaeva, T. A., Sukhodolskaya, R. A., & Brygadyrenko, V. V. (2021). Modeling the bioclimatic range of Pterostichus melanarius (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in conditions of global climate change. Biosystems Diversity, 29(2), 140–150.
Biswas, B., Qi, F., Biswas, J., Wijayawardena, A., Khan, M., & Naidu, R. (2018). The fate of chemical pollutants with soil properties and processes in the climate change paradigm – A review. Soil Systems, 2(3), 51.
Boesch, D. (2002). Challenges and opportunities for science in reducing nutrient over-enrichment of coastal ecosystems. Estuaries, 25(4), 886–900.
Boesch, D., Burreson, E., Dennison, W., Houde, E., Kemp, M., Kennedy, V., Newell, R., Paynter, K., Orth, R., & Ulanowicz, R. (2001). Factors in the decline of coastal ecosystems. Science, 293(5535), 1589–1591.
Bogardi, J. J., Leentvaar, J., & Sebesvári, Z. (2020). Biologia futura: Integrating freshwater ecosystem health in water resources management. In: Biologia Futura Akademiai Kiado Rt. Vol. 1. P. 3.
Bondarev, D., Fedushko, M., Hubanova, N., Novitskiy, R., Kunakh, O., & Zhukov, O. (2022). Temporal dynamics of the fish communities in the reservoir: The influence of eutrophication on ecological guilds structure. Ichthyological Research, in press.
Carlson, R. E. (1977). A trophic state index for lakes. Limnology and Oceanography, 22(2), 361–369.
Cloern, J. (2001). Our evolving conceptual model of the coastal eutrophication problem. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 210, 223–253.
Conley, D. J., Paerl, H. W., Howarth, R. W., Boesch, D. F., Seitzinger, S. P., Havens, K. E., Lancelot, C., & Likens, G. E. (2009). Ecology – controlling eutrophication: Nitrogen and phosphorus. Science, 323(5917), 1014–1015.
Cooke, S. J., Allison, E. H., Beard, T. D., Arlinghaus, R., Arthington, A. H., Bartley, D. M., Cowx, I. G., Fuentevilla, C., Leonard, N. J., Lorenzen, K., Lynch, A. J., Nguyen, V. M., Youn, S. J., Taylor, W. W., & Welcomme, R. L. (2016). On the sustainability of inland fisheries: Finding a future for the forgotten. Ambio, 45(7), 753–764.
Craig, J. F. (2015). Freshwater fisheries ecology. In: Freshwater fisheries ecology. Wiley Blackwell. Pp. 1–4.
Dawidek, J., & Ferencz, B. (2012). Hydrological processes in the riverine systems, the origin and classifications of floodplain lakes. Ekologia (Bratislava), 33(3), 331–340.
Dedova, I. S., & Burul, T. N. (2021). Landscape-geomorphological features of natural-territorial complexes of the Middle Don Valley (on the example of Volgograd Region). IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 817(1), 012027.
Dörnhöfer, K., Klinger, P., Heege, T., & Oppelt, N. (2018). Multi-sensor satellite and in situ monitoring of phytoplankton development in a eutrophic-mesotrophic lake. Science of The Total Environment, 612, 1200–1214.
Dray, S., & Dufour, A. B. (2007). The ade4 package: Implementing the duality diagram for ecologists. Journal of Statistical Software, 22(4), 1–20.
Ferencz, B., Dawidek, J., Toporowska, M., & Raczyński, K. (2020). Environmental implications of potamophases duration and concentration period in the floodplain lakes of the Bug River valley. Science of the Total Environment, 746, 141108.
Gallardo, B., García, M., Cabezas, Á., González, E., González, M., Ciancarelli, C., & Comín, F. A. (2008). Macroinvertebrate patterns along environmental gradients and hydrological connectivity within a regulated river-floodplain. Aquatic Sciences, 70(3), 248–258.
García Nieto, P. J., García-Gonzalo, E., Alonso Fernández, J. R., & Díaz Muñiz, C. (2019). Water eutrophication assessment relied on various machine learning techniques: A case study in the Englishmen Lake (Northern Spain). Ecological Modelling, 404, 91–102.
Gritsan, Y. I., Kunakh, O. M., Dubinina, J. J., Kotsun, V. I., & Tkalich, Y. I. (2019). The catena aspect of the landscape diversity of the “Dnipro-Orilsky” Natural Reserve. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 28(3), 417–431.
Haseena, M., Faheem Malik, M., Javed, A., Arshad, S., Asif, N., Zulfiqar, S., & Hanif, J. (2017). Water pollution and human health. Environmental Risk Assessment and Remediation, 1(3), 20.
Ingole, N. P., & An, K. G. (2016). Modifications of nutrient regime, chlorophyll-a, and trophic state relations in daechung reservoir after the construction of an upper dam. Journal of Ecology and Environment, 40(1), 1–10.
Jiang, X., Li, Z., Shu, F., & Chen, J. (2022). Effects of river-lake disconnection and eutrophication on freshwater mollusc assemblages in floodplain lakes: Loss of congeneric species leads to changes in both assemblage composition and taxonomic relatedness. Environmental Pollution, 292, 118330.
Kennish, M. J. (2002). Environmental threats and environmental future of estuaries. Environmental Conservation, 29(1), 78–107.
Koshelev, O., Koshelev, V., Fedushko, M., & Zhukov, O. (2021). Annual course of temperature and precipitation as proximal predictors of birds’ responses to climatic changes on the species and community level. Folia Oecologica, 48(2), 118–135.
Kunakh, O. M., Yorkina, N. V., Budakova, V. S., & Zhukova, Y. O. (2021). An ecomorphic approach to assessing the biodiversity of soil macrofauna communities in urban parks. Agrology, 4(3), 114–130.
Kunakh, O. M., Yorkina, N. V., Zhukova, Y. O., & Malasay, A. S. (2020). Environmental impact assessment: Possible application of the ecomorphic approach. Agrology, 3(3), 133–144.
Lai, Y., Zhang, J., Song, Y., & Gong, Z. (2021). Retrieval and evaluation of chlorophyll-a concentration in reservoirs with main water supply function in Beijing, China, based on Landsat Satellite Images. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(9), 4419.
Legendre, P., & Birks, H. J. B. (2012). From classical to canonical ordination. In: Birks, H. J. B., Lotter, A. F., Juggins, S., & Smol, J. P. (Eds.). Tracking environmental change using lake sediments: Data handling and numerical techniques. Springer, Dordrecht. Pp. 201–248.
Liu, W., Ma, L., & Abuduwaili, J. (2020). Anthropogenic influences on environmental changes of lake Bosten, the largest inland freshwater lake in China. Sustainability, 12(2), 711.
Liu, W., Zhang, Q., & Liu, G. (2010). Lake eutrophication associated with geographic location, lake morphology and climate in China. Hydrobiologia, 644(1), 289–299.
Maavara, T., Chen, Q., Van Meter, K., Brown, L. E., Zhang, J., Ni, J., & Zarfl, C. (2020). River dam impacts on biogeochemical cycling. Nature Reviews Earth and Environment, 1(2), 103–116.
Maberly, S. C., Pitt, J.-A., Davies, P. S., & Carvalho, L. (2020). Nitrogen and phosphorus limitation and the management of small productive lakes. Inland Waters, 10(2), 159–172.
Makaida, M. V., Pakhomov, O. Y., & Brygadyrenko, V. V. (2021). Effect of increased ambient temperature on seasonal generation number in Lucilia sericata (Diptera, Calliphoridae). Folia Oecologica, 48(2), 191–198.
McFeeters, S. K. (1996). The use of the normalized difference water index (NDWI) in the delineation of open water features. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 17(7), 1425–1432.
Mihaljević, M., Špoljarić, D., Stević, F., Cvijanović, V., & Hackenberger Kutuzović, B. (2010). The influence of extreme floods from the River Danube in 2006 on phytoplankton communities in a floodplain lake: Shift to a clear state. Limnologica – Ecology and Management of Inland Waters, 40(3), 260–268.
Miltner, R. J. (2018). Eutrophication endpoints for large rivers in Ohio, USA. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 190(2), 1–17.
Mirzoeva, A., & Zhukov, O. (2021). Conchological variability of Anadara kagoshimensis (Bivalvia: Arcidae) in the northern part of the Black–Azov Sea basin. Biologia, 76, 3671–3684.
Napiórkowski, P., & Napiórkowska, T. (2017). Limnophase versus potamophase: How hydrological connectivity affects the zooplankton community in an oxbow lake (Vistula River, Poland). Annales de Limnologie, 53, 143–151.
Nixon, S. W. (1995). Coastal marine eutrophication: A definition, social causes, and future concerns. Ophelia, 41(1), 199–219.
Norris, V. (1993). The use of buffer zones to protect water quality: A review. Water Resources Management, 7(4), 257–272.
Peres-Neto, P. R., & Jackson, D. A. (2001). How well do multivariate data sets match? The advantages of a Procrustean superimposition approach over the Mantel test. Oecologia, 129(2), 169–178.
Pérez-Quintero, J. C. (2013). Mollusc communities along upstream–downstream gradients in small coastal basins of the south-western Iberian Peninsula. Hydrobiologia, 703(1), 165–175.
Pinkina, T., Zymaroieva, A., & Fedoniuk, T. (2022). Cadmium impact on the growth and survival rate of great pond snail (Lymnaea stagnalis) in the chronic experiment. Biologia, 77, 749–756.
Ponomarenko, O., Banik, M., & Zhukov, O. (2021). Assessing habitat suitability for the common pochard, Aythya ferina (Anseriformes, Anatidae) at different spatial scales in Orel’ river valley, Ukraine. Ekológia (Bratislava), 40(2), 154–162.
Roozen, F. C. J. M., Van Geest, G. J., Ibelings, B. W., Roijackers, R., Scheffer, M., & Buijse, A. D. (2003). Lake age and water level affect the turbidity of floodplain lakes along the lower Rhine. Freshwater Biology, 48(3), 519–531.
Rumm, A., Foeckler, F., Dziock, F., Ilg, C., Scholz, M., Harris, R. M. B., & Gerisch, M. (2018). Shifts in mollusc traits following floodplain reconnection: Testing the response of functional diversity components. Freshwater Biology, 63(6), 505–517.
Solonenko, A. M., Podorozhniy, S. M., Bren, O. G., Siruk, I. M., & Zhukov, O. V. (2021). Effect of stand density and diversity on the tree ratio of height to diameter relationship in the park stands of Southern Ukraine. Ecologia Balkanica, 13(2), 173–197.
Strokal, M., & Kroeze, C. (2013). Nitrogen and phosphorus inputs to the Black Sea in 1970–2050. Regional Environmental Change, 13(1), 179–192.
Teluk, P., Yorkina, N. V., Umerova, A., Budakova, V. S., Nydion, N. M., & Zhukov, O. V. (2020). Estimation of the level of recreational transformation of public green spaces by indicators of soil penetration resistance. Agrology, 3(3), 171–180.
Ter Braak, C. J. F., & Šmilauer, P. (2015). Topics in constrained and unconstrained ordination. Plant Ecology, 216(5), 683–696.
Vasenko, O. G. (1998). Environmental situation in the Lower Dnipro River Basin. Water Quality Research Journal, 33(4), 457–488.
Vinçon-Leite, B., & Casenave, C. (2019). Modelling eutrophication in lake ecosystems: A review. Science of the Total Environment, 651, 2985–3001.
Weigelhofer, G., Preiner, S., Funk, A., Bondar-Kunze, E., & Hein, T. (2015). The hydrochemical response of small and shallow floodplain water bodies to temporary surface water connections with the main river. Freshwater Biology, 60(4), 781–793.
Yang, X., Wu, X., Hao, H., & He, Z. (2008). Mechanisms and assessment of water eutrophication. Journal of Zhejiang University, Science B, 9(3), 197–209.
Yorkina, N. V., Teluk, P., Umerova, A. K., Budakova, V. S., Zhaley, O. A., Ivanchenko, K. O., & Zhukov, O. V. (2021). Assessment of the recreational transformation of the grass cover of public green spaces. Agrology, 4(1), 10–20.
Zhang, X., Liu, X., & Wang, H. (2014). Developing water level regulation strategies for macrophytes restoration of a large river-disconnected lake, China. Ecological Engineering, 68, 25–31.
Zhukov, O. V., Bondarev, D. L., Yermak, Y. I., & Fedushko, M. P. (2019). Effects of temperature patterns on the spawining phenology and niche overlap of fish assemblages in the water bodies of the Dnipro River basin. Ecologica Montenegrina, 22, 177–203.
Zhukov, O., & Arabadzhy-Tipenko, L. (2021). The ecological interpretation of unbiased estimator for the taxonomic ratio: Different approaches for local and regional flora. Ekológia (Bratislava), 40(4), 348–356.
Zhukov, O., Kunah, O., Dubinina, Y., & Novikova, V. (2018). The role of edaphic and vegetation factors in structuring beta diversity of the soil macrofauna community of the Dnipro River arena terrace. Ekologia (Bratislava), 37(4), 301–327.
Zhukov, O., Kunah, O., Fedushko, M., Babchenko, A., & Umerova, A. (2021). Temporal aspect of the terrestrial invertebrate response to moisture dynamic in technosols formed after reclamation at a post-mining site in Ukrainian steppe drylands. Ekológia (Bratislava), 40(2), 178–188.
Zymaroieva, A., Zhukov, O., Fedoniuk, T., Pinkina, T., & Hurelia, V. (2021). The relationship between landscape diversity and crops productivity: Landscape scale study. Journal of Landscape Ecology, 14(1), 39–58.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.