A review of species of the genus Mocyta (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) in Ukraine

  • S. Glotov State Museum of Natural History, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • K. Hushtan State Museum of Natural History, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • N. Koval Uzhgorod National University
  • V. Diedus Uzhgorod National University
  • M. Chumak Uzhgorod National University
  • V. Chumak Uzhgorod National University
Keywords: rove beetles; Aleocharinae; Athetini; fauna; morphology; bionomy.


A review of the genus Mocyta Mulsant & Rey, 1874, which is represented in Ukraine; a description of the main morphological features and diagnostic features is made, data on ecological features, seasonal activity of adults, the distribution of representatives of the genus in Ukraine and the world and the keys to identify the species are presented. The information on the distribution of species of the genus Mocyta in the territory of Ukraine has been clarified and significantly supplemented by new findings. The results can be used to address a number of theoretical issues of faunistics, zoogeography, and ecology, as well as in compiling the inventory of the fauna of the Ukrainian Carpathians, for comparative faunal research, in the analysis of species distribution, in biogeographic constructions, studies of faunogenesis, ecological monitoring and prediction of consequences of the influence of human activities on natural ecosystems of the region. The genus Mocyta is a widespread genus, which in terms of the combination of morphological and biological features belongs to the tribe Athetini Casey, 1910 of the subfamily Aleocharinae Fleming, 1821 of the family Staphylinidae Latreille, 1802. There are 26 known species in the fauna of Palearctic, 5 of which (Mocyta clientula, M. fungi fungi, M. fussi, M. orbata, M. orphana) are represented in the fauna of Ukraine. However, it is likely that there are two more species (M. amplicollis and M. negligens), identified for the surrounding areas, for which characteristics and comparative diagnoses have also been provided. This paper is a continuation of the initiated series of reviews of genera and species of the tribe Athetini of the fauna of Ukraine. Taking into account the wide geographical distribution and significant individual variability in size, colour and shape of the spermatheca of representatives of the genus, the identification of the latter presents some significant difficulties.


Bogdanov, Y. A. (1985). Fauna i ekologiya stafilinid Zakarpatya [Fauna and ecology of rove beetles Staphilinids of the Transcarpathia region]. Bureau of Cinema Propaganda, Moscow (in Russian).

Brundin, L. (1940). Studien über die Atheta-Untergattung Oreostiba Ganglb. (Col. Staphylinidae) [Studies on the Atheta subgenus Oreostiba Ganglb. (Col. Staphylinidae)]. Entomologisk Tidsrift, 61, 56–130 (in German).

Brundin, L. (1952). Acrotona-Studien (Gattung Atheta, Col., Staphylinidae). Entomologisk Tidskrift, 73, 93–128.

Brundin, L. (1954a). Die paläarktischen Arten der Atheta-Untergattung Dimetrota Muls. et Rey (Col., Staphylinidae) [The Palearctic species of the Atheta subgenus Dimetrota Muls. et Rey (Col., Staphylinidae)]. Eine Systematische Studie. Arkiv for Zoologi, 5(2), 369–434 (in German).

Brundin, L. (1954b). In: Hansen С. Biller XVII. Rovbiller 3. Del. Danmarks Fauna 59. Kobenhavn, G.E.C., Gads Forlag.

Brundin, L. (1954c). Neue Palaearktische Arten der Gattung Atheta C. G. Thoms. (Col., Staphylinidae) [New Palaearctic species of the genus Atheta C. G. Thoms. (Col., Staphylinidae)]. Norsk Entomologisk Tidsskrift, 9, 1–17 (in German).

Cameron, M. (1939). Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Coleoptera Staphylinidae. London, Taylor and Francis, 4(1–2), 1–691.

Casey, T. L. (1894). Coleopterological notices. V. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 7, 281–606.

Casey, T. L. (1910). New species of the staphylinid tribe Myrmedoniini. Memoirs on the Coleoptera 1. New Era Printing Co, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

Cherkunov, N. (1889). Spisok zhukov, vodyaschihsya v Kieve i ego okrestnostyah [List of beetles found in Kiev and its vicinities]. Notes of the Kiev Society of Naturalists, 10(1), 147–204 (in Russian).

Elven, H., Bachmann, L., & Gusarov, V. (2010). Phylogeny of the tribe Athetini (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 57(1), 84–100.

Elven, H., Bachmann, L., & Gusarov, V. I. (2012). Molecular phylogeny of the Athetini – Lomechusini – Ecitocharini clade of aleocharine rove beetles (Insecta). Zoologica Scripta, 41(6), 617–636.

Fleischer, J., Mazura, K., & Trojan, L. (1922). Druhý entomologický zájezd do Podkarpatské Rusi. Sbornik klubu přirodovědeckeho v Brně za rok 1921 [The second entomological trip to Subcarpathian Rus’. Proceedings of the Natural Science Club in Brno for the year 1921]. Brno. Pp. 37–42 (in Czech).

Ganglbauer, L. (1895). Die Kafer von Mitteleuropa. Die Kafer der Osterreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie, Deutschlands, der Schweiz, sowie des französischen und italienischen Alpengebietes. 2. Familienreihe Staphylinoidea. Die Kafer von Mitteleuropa. Theil I. Staphylinidae, Pselaphidae. Wien: Carl Gerold’s Sohn (in German).

Glotov, S. V. (2010). Materialyi k faune zhukov-stafilinid podsemeystva Aleocharinae Luganskoy oblasti. Soobschenie 1 (Triba Athetini) [Materials on the fauna of rove beetles of the subfamily Aleocharinae (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) of Luhansk region. Report 1 (Tribe Athetini)]. Natural Almanach, 14, 98–106 (in Russian).

Glotov, S. V. (2019). Poperednii ohliad zhukiv stafilinid pidrodyny Aleocharinae (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae) pivdennoho skhodu Ukrainy [Preliminary review of rove beetles of the subfamily Aleocharinae (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae) in the south-east of Ukraine]. Uzhhorod Entomological Readings 2019: Abstracts of reports of the international scientific conference. Uzhhorod, Hoverla. P. 35 (in Ukrainian).

Glotov, S. V. (2020). Ohliad rodu Plataraea Thomson, 1858 (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae) Ukrainy [Review of the genus Plataraea Thomson, 1858 (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae) of Ukraine]. Ukrainian Entomological Journal, 18(1–2), 36–40 (in Ukrainian).

Glotov, S. V. (2021). Morfolohichna minlyvist spermateky u Mocyta fungi (Insecta: Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) [Morphological variability of spermatheca in Mocyta fungi (Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae: Athetini)]. Novitates Theriologicae, Species in Biology, 12, 252–266 (in Ukrainian).

Glotov, S., Hushtan, K., Hushtan, H., Koval, N., & Diedus, V. (2022). The genus Atheta (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae) in the Ukrainian Carpathians. Zoodiversity, 56(2), 91–110.

Glotov, S., V., Hushtan, K. V., Kanarsky, Y. V., Hushtan, H. H., & Rizun, V. B. (2020). Rove beetles (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) from the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve in collections of State Museum of Natural History (Lviv, Ukraine). Scientific notes of the State Museum of Natural History, Lviv, 36, 53–60.

Gusarov, V. I. (2003). Revision of some types of North American aleocharines (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae), with synonymic notes. Zootaxa, 353, 1–134.

Hormuzaki, C. (1888). Beiträge zur Käferfauna der Bucovina und Nordrumäniens [Contributions to the beetle fauna of Bucovina and Northern Romania]. Entomologisehe Naehriehten, 1, 1–169 (in German).

Jacobson, G. G. (1909–1910). Zhuki Rossii i Zapadnoy Evropy [Beetles of Russia and Western Europe]. Saint Petersburg, Published by A. F. Devrien, 8–9, 528–569 (in Russian).

Johansen, J. P. (1914). Danmarks rovbiller eller Billefam. Staphylinidæ’s dánske Slaegter og Arter [Denmark’s rove beetles beetles or Beetle family. Staphylinidae Danish genus and species]. København, Bianco Lunos Bogtrykkeri (in Norwegian).

Kashcheev, V. A. (1984). Stafilinidy (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) iz podstilki shirokolistvennyh lesov Poltavskoy oblasti [Rove beetles (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) from forest cover of deciduous forests of Poltava Region]. Publication of the All-Russian Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 770, 1–14 (in Russian).

Kevan, D. K. (1965). Atheta (Acrotona) amplicollis (Mulsant et Rey) (Col., Staphylinidae) new to the British list. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine, 101(1211–1213), 122–124.

Klimaszewski, J., Assing, С., Majka, C. G., Pelletier, G., Webster, R. P., & Langor, D. (2007). Records of adventive aleocharine beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae) found in Canada. The Canadian Entomologist 139, 54–79.

Klimaszewski, J., Langor, D., Pelletier, G., Bourdon, C., Perdereau, L. (2011). Aleocharine beetles (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. Pensoft Publishers, Sofia, Moscow, 1–313.

Klimaszewski, J., Sweeney, J., Price, J., & Pelletier, G. (2005). Rove beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) in red spruce stands, eastern Canada: Diversity, abundance, and descriptions of new species. The Canadian Entomologist, 137, 1–48.

Klimaszewski, J., Webster, R. P., Bourdon, C., Pelletier, G., Godin, B., & Langor, D. W. (2015). Review of Canadian species of the genus Mocyta Mulsant & Rey (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae), with the description of a new species and a new synonymy. Zookeys, 487, 111–139.

Klimaszewski, J., Webster, R., Langor, D., Brunke, A. J., Dawies, A., Bourdon, C., Labrecque, M., Newton, A. F., Dorval, J. A., & Frank, J. H. (2018). Aleocharine rove beetles of Eastern Canada (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae): A glimpse of megadiversity. Springer, Cham.

Korge, H. (1975). Untersuchungen Einer Parthenogenetischen Population von Atheta fungi (Gravenhorst, 1806) [Investigations of a parthenogenetic population of Atheta fungi (Gravenhorst, 1806)]. Entomologische Blätter, 71(3), 165–172 (in German).

Kraatz, G. (1856). Naturgeschichte der Insecten Deutschlands. Erste Abtheilung Coleoptera [Natural history of the insects of Germany. First division Coleoptera]. Zweiter Band Lieferung 1 und 2. Nicolai, Berlin (in German).

Kryzhanovskyi, O. L., & Emets, V. S. (1972). K metodike preparovki genitaliy u zhukov [On the method of genital preparation in beetles]. Entomological Review, 51(1), 197–199 (in Russian).

Kuthy, D. (1896). Ordo Coleoptera. Fauna Regni Hungariae. III. Arthropoda, Insecta. Budapest.

Lohse, G. A. (1974). Band 5, Staphylinidae II (Hypocyphtinae und Aleocharinae) [Family Staphylinidae II (Hypocyphtinae und Aleocharinae) Pselaphidae]. In: Freude, H., Harde, K. W., & Lohse, G. A. Die Kafer Mitteleuropas. Goecke et Evers Verlag, Krefeld. 5(1) (in German).

Lohse, G. A., & Smetana, A. (1985). Revision of the types of species of Oxypodini and Athetini (sensu Seevers) described by Mannerheim and Mäklin from North America (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). The Coleopterists Bulletin, 39, 281–300.

Lohse, G. A., Klimaszewski, J., & Smetana, A. (1990). Revision of arctic Aleocharinae of North America (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). The Coleopterists Bulletin, 44, 121–202.

Łomnicki, M. (1884). Catalogus Coleopterorum Haliciae [Catalog of the Coleoptera of Halicia]. Sumptibus L. Zontaki. Custodis Musaci Dzieduszyckiani, Leopoli. Pp. 1–43 (in Poland).

Łomnicki, M. (1886). Museum Imienia Dzieduszyckich w Lwowie. Dziat I. Zoologiczny oddzial zwierzat bezkregowych. 4. Chrzaszcze czyli Tegoskryzdte (Coleoptera) [Museum named after Dzieduszycki in Lviv. Dziat I. Zoological section invertebrates. 4. Beetles or Tegoskryzdte (Coleoptera)]. Lwow (in Poland).

Łomnicki, M. (1890). Fauna Lwowa i okolicy. 1. Chrząszcze (Coleoptera). (Tęgoskrzydłe) [Fauna of Lviv and its vicinity. 1. Beetles (Coleoptera). (Hewwings)]. Cz. 1. Sprawozdanie Komisyi Fizyjografi cznej, Kraków, 25, 141–217 (in Poland).

Łomnicki, M. (1913). Wykaz chrząszczów czyli Tęgopokrywych (Coleoptera) ziem polskich (Catalogus Coleopterorum Poloniae) [List of beetles, that is, the Broad-covered (Coleoptera) of the Polish lands (Catalogus Coleopterorum Poloniae)]. Kosmos. Seria A Biologia, 21–155 (in Poland).

Łomnicki, M. A. (1875). Chrząszcze zebrane w okolicy Stanisławowa [Beetles collected in the vicinity of Ivano-Frankivsk]. Sprawozdanie Komisyi Fizyjograficznéj, 9, 154–182 (in Poland).

Marcu, O. (1936). Coleopterenfunde aus der Bucovina [Coleopterenfunde aus der Bucovina]. Verhandlungen und Mitteilungen des Siebenburgischen Vereins fur Naturwissenschaften, 15–16, 56–83 (in Romanian).

Münster, T. G. (1925). Bidrag til kjendskapen om slekten Atheta Thoms. (Col., Staph) [Contribution to the knowledge of the genus Atheta Thoms. (Col., Staph)]. Norsk Entomologisk Tidsskrift, 2, 5–30 (in Norwegian).

Nikitsky, N. B., Osipov, I. N., Chemeris, S. V., Semenov, V. B., & Gusakov, A. A. (1996). Zhestkokryilye – ksilobionty, mitsetobionty i plastinchatousye Prioksko-Terrasnogo biosfernogo zapovednika (s obzorom fauny etih grupp Moskovskoy oblasti) [Coleoptera – xylobionts, mycetobionts and lamellicorn beetles of the Prioksko-Terrasnyi Biosphere Reserve (with an overview of the fauna of these groups of Moscow Region)]. Collection of Works of the Zoological Museum of Moscow State University, 36, 35–37 (in Russian).

Nikitsky, N. B., Semenov, V. B., & Dolgin, S. S. (1998). Zhestkokrylye – ksilobionty, mitsetobionty i plastinchatousye Prioksko-Terrasnogo biosfernogo zapovednika (s obzorom fauny etih grupp Moskovskoy oblasti). Dopolnenie 1 (s zamechaniyami po nomenklature i sistematike nekotoryih zhukov Melandryidae mirovoy fauny) [Coleoptera – xylobionts, mycetobionts and lamellicorn beetles of the Prioksko-Terrasnyi Biosphere Reserve (with an overview of the fauna of these groups of Moscow Region). Annex 1 (with remarks on the nomenclature and taxonomy of some Melandryida beetles of the world fauna)]. Collection of Works of the Zoological Museum of Moscow State University, 36(1), 1–61 (in Russian).

Nowicki, M. (1873). Beiträge Insektenfauna Galiziens [Contributions to the insect fauna of Galicia]. Drukarnia Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, 7–52 (in German).

Pace, R. (2004a). Beschreibung von Atheta (Acrotona) attaleensis sp. n. aus der Süd-Türkei und Bemerkungen zur Verbreitung von Aloconota cambrica (Wollaston, 1855) (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae). [Description of Atheta (Acrotona) attaleensis sp. n. from southern Turkey and comments on the distribution of Aloconota cambrica (Wollaston, 1855) (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae)] Veroffentlichungen Naturkundemuseum Erfurt, 23, 183–185 (in German).

Pace, R. (2004b). Hygrnomini e Athetini della Cina con note sinonimiche (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) [Hygrnomini and Athetini of China with synonymous notes (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae)]. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 111(3), 457–523 (in Italian).

Palm, T. (1970). Svensk Insektfauna. 9. Skalbaggar. Coleoptera. Kortvingar: Fam. Staphylinidae. Underfam. Aleocharinae (Atheta) [Swedish Insect Fauna. 9. Beetles. Coleoptera. Short Wings: Fam. Staphylinidae. Underfam. Aleocharinae (Atheta)]. Stockholm, 52, 117–296 (in Swedish).

Paśnik, G. (1999). Atheta (Bessobia) bashkirica sp. n. from South Ural (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae). Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia, 42, 365–368.

Petrenko, А. А. (1974). Korotkonadkrylye zhuki, ili stafilinidy (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) Srednego Pridneprovya [Rove beetles (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) of the Middle Dnipro Region (ecological and faunal characteristics)]. Kyiv (in Russian).

Pliginskyi, V. G. (1928). Zhuki Kryima [Beetles of Crimea]. V. Notes of the Crimean Society of Naturalists and Nature Lovers, 10, 40–100 (in Russian).

Reitter, E. (1909). Fauna Germanica. Die Käfer des Deutschen Reiche. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet [Fauna Germanica. The Beetles of the German Empire. Processed according to the analytical method]. Stuttgart, K. G. Lutz, 2, 1–392 (in German).

Scheerpeltz, O. (1931). Teil. Staphylinidae (Coleoptera). In: Beier, M. Zoologische Forschungsreise nach den Jonischen Inseln und dem Peloponnes. Sitzungsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, Abteilung 1, 140, 359–460.

Schülke, M., & Smetana, A. (2015). Staphylinidae Latreille, 1802. In: Löbl, I., & Löbl, D. (Eds.). Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera. Vol. 1 and 2. Hydrophiloidea – Staphylinoidea, revised and updated edition. Brill, Leiden, Boston. Pp. 304–1134.

Seevers, C. H. (1978). A generic and tribal revision of the North American Aleocharinae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Fieldiana Zoology, 71, 1–289.

Semenov, V. B., & Blinshtein, S. Y. (1989). Materialy po faune i ekologii Aleocharinae (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) galofitnyh mestoobitaniy Yuzhnoy Ukrainy [Materials on the fauna and ecology of Aleocharinae (Col., Staph.) halophytic habitats of Southern Ukraine]. Ecology and Taxonomy of Insects in Ukraine, 3, 46–55 (in Russian).

Smetana, A. (2004). Family Staphylinidae (except subfamilies Pselaphinae and Scaphidiinae). In: Löbl, I., & Smetana, A. (Eds). Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera. Volume 2. Hydrophiloidea, Histeroidea, Staphylinoidea. Apollo Books, Stenstrup, 237–698.

Strand, A., & Vik, A. (1964). Die genitalorgane der nordischen Arten der Gattung Atheta Thoms. (Col., Staph.). Norsk Entomologisk Tidsskrift, 12, 327–335 (in Norwegian).

Thomson, C. G. (1861). Skandinaviens Coleoptera, synoptiskt bearbetade. Tom. III. Lund, Berlingska Boktryckeriet.

Topp, W. (1975a). Morphologische Variabilitat, Diapause und Entwicklung von Atheta fungi (Graс.). Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere, 102(1), 101–127.

Topp, W. (1975b). Zur Larvalmorphologie der Athetae (Col., Staph.) [On the larval morphology of the Athetae (Col., Staph.)]. Stuttganer Beiträge zur Nalurkunde, A(268), 1–23 (in German).

Winkler, A. (1925). Catalogus Coleopterorum Regionis Palaearcticae. Wien, Winkler & Wagner, 241–624.

Zelinovskaya, L. M., & Petrenko, A. A. (1992). Struktura soobschestva stafili (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) Ivano-Ryibalchanskogo uchastka Chernomorskogo zapovednika [Community structure of rove beetles (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) in the Ivano-Rybalchansky section of the Black Sea Reserve]. In: Natural complexes of the Black Sea Biosphere Reserve. Naukova Dumka, Kyiv. Pp. 83–90 (in Russian).