Urban park layers: Spatial variation in plant community structure

  • O. M. Kunakh Oles Honchar Dnipro National University
  • I. A. Ivanko Oles Honchar Dnipro National University
  • K. K. Holoborodko Oles Honchar Dnipro National University
  • O. I. Lisovets Oles Honchar Dnipro National University
  • A. M. Volkova Oles Honchar Dnipro National University
  • O. V. Zhukov Oles Honchar Dnipro National University
Keywords: GIS-technology; human ecology; ecological monitoring; spatial ecology; vegetation indexes; urban ecology

Abstract

Horizontal structure of natural plant communities attracted the attention of researchers for a long time, while the problem of horizontal structure of urban park plantations was not studied sufficiently. Species richness of different tiers of park plantation in the large industrial city of Dnipro (Ukraine) was revealed in this study. Also features of variation in the structure of plant communities at different spatial levels were revealed, the influence of park plantation canopy on the understory and herbaceous layer of the park. There were 30 plant species in the tree layer of the park plantation. The most common species were Robinia pseudoacacia L., Acer platanoides L., A. negundo L., Gleditsia triacanthos L., Aesculus hippocastanum L., Populus carolinensis Moench. The variance-to-mean ratio revealed that 13 tree species were randomly distributed throughout the park, and 14 species were aggregated. The number of occurrences of a given tree species per site and variance-to-mean ratio were positively correlated. The numerous tree species showed a tendency of aggregated distribution within the park. Sixteen plant species were found in the understory. Among them, the most abundant species were Acer platanoides L., A. negundo L., A. pseudoplatanus L., Sambucus nigra L., Robinia pseudoacacia L. Eight species were found to be randomly distributed over the park area, and eight species showed an aggregate distribution. The number of species encountered in the understory and variance-to-mean ratio were positively correlated. In the herbaceous stand, 99 plant species were found, of which Chelidonium majus L., Viola odorata L., Impatiens parviflora DC., Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch., Geum urbanum L. predominated. The variance-to-mean ratio of all species was significantly less than unity, indicating regular spatial distribution. The values of alpha- and gamma-diversity of the plant community in separate layers are very different. The highest gamma diversity was found for the herbaceous stand, while the diversity of the tree stand and understory was significantly lower. Alpha biodiversity of the tree stand and the understory did not practically differ. Beta diversity values between the layers are very close, and beta diversity is practically equal for tree stand and herbaceous layer. Thus, we can assume that the mechanisms of species turnover for the plant communities of different layers are determined by the common causes. The spatial broad-scale component was able to explain 8.2% of community variation, the medium-scale component was able to explain 4.2% of community variation, and the fine-scale component was able to explain 0.7% of community variation. The understory is the most sensitive to the environmental factors, the herbaceous stand is somewhat less sensitive, and the tree stand is the least sensitive to the environmental factors. The environmental factors in this study are represented by a set of variables. The spatial variation of the stand is predominantly influenced by the factors of trophicity and moisture of the edaphotope. These same factors also act on the herbaceous stand and understory, but along with them are included the environmental variables, which are determined by the architectonics of the crown space and thus the light regime, which is regulated by the tree stand. It is important to note that the variation of the communities of the different layers of the park plantation is subject to spatial patterns. The herbaceous and understory variation is more spatially structured than the tree stand variation. The spatial patterns can arise as a result of the influence of spatially structured environmental factors and as a result of factors of a neutral nature. The latter aspect of variation is best described by the pure spatial component of community variation.

References

Aboufazeli, S., Jahani, A., & Farahpour, M. (2021). A method for aesthetic quality modelling of the form of plants and water in the urban parks landscapes: An artificial neural network approach. MethodsX, 8, 101489.

Alasmary, Z., Todd, T., Hettiarachchi, G. M., Stefanovska, T., Pidlisnyuk, V., Roozeboom, K., Erickson, L., Davis, L., & Zhukov, O. (2020). Effect of soil treatments and amendments on the nematode community under Miscanthus growing in a lead contaminated military site. Agronomy, 10(11), 1727.

Avalos, G. (2019). Shade tolerance within the context of the successional process in tropical rain forests. Revista de Biología Tropical, 67(2), 53–77.

Balandier, P., Collet, C., Miller, J. H., Reynolds, P. E., & Zedaker, S. M. (2006). Designing forest vegetation management strategies based on the mechanisms and dynamics of crop tree competition by neighbouring vegetation. Forestry, 79(1), 3–27.

Bao, Y., Gao, M., Luo, D., & Zhou, X. (2022). The influence of plant community characteristics in urban parks on the microclimate. Forests, 13(9), 1342.

Barbier, S., Gosselin, F., & Balandier, P. (2008). Influence of tree species on understory vegetation diversity and mechanisms involved – A critical review for temperate and boreal forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 254(1), 1–15.

Bartkowicz, L., & Paluch, J. (2019). Co-occurrence of shade-tolerant and light-adapted tree species in uneven-aged deciduous forests of Southern Poland. European Journal of Forest Research, 138(1), 15–30.

Bertram, C., Meyerhoff, J., Rehdanz, K., & Wüstemann, H. (2017). Differences in the recreational value of urban parks between weekdays and weekends: A discrete choice analysis. Landscape and Urban Planning, 159, 5–14.

Bianchi, S., Cahalan, C., Hale, S., & Gibbons, J. M. (2017). Rapid assessment of forest canopy and light regime using smartphone hemispherical photography. Ecology and Evolution, 7(24), 10556–10566.

Bohlman, S. A. (2015). Species diversity of canopy versus understory trees in a neotropical forest: Implications for forest structure, function and monitoring. Ecosystems, 18(4), 658–670.

Bonnin, J. J., Mirás-Avalos, J. M., Lanças, K. P., González, A. P., & Vieira, S. R. (2010). Spatial variability of soil penetration resistance influenced by season of sampling. Bragantia, 69(suppl), 163–173.

Boyle, J. R., Tappeiner, J. C., Waring, R. H., & Tattersall Smith, C. (2016). Sustainable forestry: Ecology and silviculture for resilient forests. In: Boyle, J. R., Tappeiner, J. C., Waring, R. H., & Tattersall Smith, C. (Eds.). Reference module in Earth systems and environmental sciences. Elsevier. Pp. 1–9.

Brudvig, L. A., Mabry, C. M., & Mottl, L. M. (2011). Dispersal, not understory light competition, limits restoration of Iowa Woodland understory herbs. Restoration Ecology, 19(101), 24–31.

Brygadyrenko, V. V. (2015). Evaluation of the ecological niche of some abundant species of the subfamily Platyninae (Coleoptera, Carabidae) against the background of eight ecological factors. Folia Oecologica, 42(2), 75–88.

Bugno-Pogoda, A., & Durak, T. (2021). Climate and management factors underlying changes in beech forest herbaceous layer plant communities in the Polish Eastern Carpathians. Forests, 12(11), 1446.

Chan, C.-S., Marafa, L. M., & Van Den Bosch, C. C. K. (2014). Changing perspectives in urban park management: A longitudinal study of Hong Kong. Managing Leisure, 1–21.

Chandrasekar, K., Sesha Sai, M. V. R., Roy, P. S., & Dwevedi, R. S. (2010). Land surface water index (LSWI) response to rainfall and NDVI using the MODIS vegetation index product. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 31(15), 3987–4005.

Chang, L. W., Zelený, D., Li, C. F., Chiu, S. T., & Hsieh, C. F. (2013). Better environmental data may reverse conclusions about niche- and dispersal-based processes in community assembly. Ecology, 94(10), 2145–2151.

Chaplygina, A. B., Savynska, N. O., & Brygadyrenko, V. V. (2018). Trophic links of the spotted flycatcher, Muscicapa striata, in transformed forest ecosystems of North-Eastern Ukraine. Baltic Forestry, 24(2), 304–312.

Cheung, P. K., Jim, C. Y., & Siu, C. T. (2021). Effects of urban park design features on summer air temperature and humidity in compact-city milieu. Applied Geography, 129, 102439.

Coomes, D. A., & Grubb, P. J. (2000). Impacts of root competition in forests and woodlands: A theoretical framework and review of experiments. Ecological Monographs, 70(2), 171–207.

Coomes, D. A., Kunstler, G., Canham, C. D., & Wright, E. (2009). A greater range of shade-tolerance niches in nutrient-rich forests: An explanation for positive richness-productivity relationships? Journal of Ecology, 97(4), 705–717.

Cordero, R. D., & Jackson, D. A. (2019). Species‐pair associations, null models, and tests of mechanisms structuring ecological communities. Ecosphere, 10(7), 2797.

Dash, J., & Curran, P. J. (2004). The MERIS terrestrial chlorophyll index. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 25(23), 5403–5413.

De Cáceres, M., Martín-Alcón, S., González-Olabarria, J. R., & Coll, L. (2019). A general method for the classification of forest stands using species composition and vertical and horizontal structure. Annals of Forest Science, 76(2), 40.

Delegido, J., Verrelst, J., Alonso, L., & Moreno, J. (2011). Evaluation of Sentinel-2 red-edge bands for empirical estimation of green LAI and chlorophyll content. Sensors, 11(7), 7063–7081.

Diaci, J., Rozenbergar, D., Fidej, G., & Nagel, T. A. (2017). Challenges for uneven-aged silviculture in restoration of post-disturbance forests in central Europe: A synthesis. Forests, 8(10), 378.

Dormann, C. F., Bagnara, M., Boch, S., Hinderling, J., Janeiro-Otero, A., Schäfer, D., Schall, P., & Hartig, F. (2020). Plant species richness increases with light availability, but not variability, in temperate forests understorey. BMC Ecology, 20(1), 43.

Franklin, J. F., & Van Pelt, R. (2004). Spatial aspects of structural complexity in old-growth forests. Journal of Forestry, 102(3), 22–28.

Fransson, P., Brännström, Å., & Franklin, O. (2021). A tree’s quest for light – optimal height and diameter growth under a shading canopy. Tree Physiology, 41(1), 1–11.

Gazol, A., & Ibáñez, R. (2010). Plant species composition in a temperate forest: Multi-scale patterns and determinants. Acta Oecologica, 36(6), 634–644.

Geological Survey (U.S.), & EROS Data Center. (2000). Earth Explorer. Reston, U.S. Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.

George, L. O., & Bazzaz, F. A. (1999). The fern understory as an ecological filter: Emergence and establishment of canopy-tree seedlings. Ecology, 80(3), 833–845.

Getzin, S., Dean, C., He, F. A., Trofymow, J., Wiegand, K., & Wiegand, T. (2006). Spatial patterns and competition of tree species in a Douglas-fir chronosequence on Vancouver Island. Ecography, 29(5), 671–682.

Giles, A. L., Rowland, L., Bittencourt, P. R. L., Bartholomew, D. C., Coughlin, I., Costa, P. B., Domingues, T., Miatto, R. C., Barros, F. V, Ferreira, L. V, Groenendijk, P., Oliveira, A. A. R., da Costa, A. C. L., Meir, P., Mencuccini, M., & Oliveira, R. S. (2022). Small understorey trees have greater capacity than canopy trees to adjust hydraulic traits following prolonged experimental drought in a tropical forest. Tree Physiology, 42(3), 537–556.

Gilliam, F. S. (2007). The ecological significance of the herbaceous layer in temperate forest ecosystems. BioScience, 57(10), 845–858.

Gitelson, A. A., Kaufman, Y. J., & Merzlyak, M. N. (1996). Use of a green channel in remote sensing of global vegetation from EOS-MODIS. Remote Sensing of Environment, 58(3), 289–298.

Gong, C., Tan, Q., Liu, G., & Xu, M. (2021). Impacts of tree mixtures on understory plant diversity in China. Forest Ecology and Management, 498, 119545.

Gougherty, A. V., & Gougherty, S. W. (2018). Sequence of flower and leaf emergence in deciduous trees is linked to ecological traits, phylogenetics, and climate. New Phytologist, 220(1), 121–131.

Gundersen, V. S., & Frivold, L. H. (2008). Public preferences for forest structures: A review of quantitative surveys from Finland, Norway and Sweden. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 7(4), 241–258.

Gunnarsson, B., Heyman, E., & Vowles, T. (2009). Bird predation effects on bush canopy arthropods in suburban forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 257(2), 619–627.

Haga, C., Hotta, W., Inoue, T., Matsui, T., Aiba, M., Owari, T., Suzuki, S. N., Shibata, H., & Morimoto, J. (2022). Modeling tree recovery in wind-disturbed forests with dense understory species under climate change. Ecological Modelling, 472, 110072.

Hajzeri, A. (2021). The management of urban parks and its contribution to social interactions. Arboricultural Journal, 43(3), 187–195.

Hardisky, M. A., Klemas, V., & Smart, R. M. (1983). The influence of soil salinity, growth form, and leaf moisture on the spectral radiance of Spartina alterniflora canopies. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 49(1), 77–83.

Hart, S. A., & Chen, H. Y. H. (2006). Understory vegetation dynamics of North American boreal forests. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 25(4), 381–397.

Hu, F., Du, H., Zeng, F., Peng, W., & Song, T. (2017). Plant community characteristics and their relationships with soil properties in a karst region of Southwest China. Contemporary Problems of Ecology, 10(6), 707–716.

Ishii, H. T., Tanabe, S., & Hiura, T. (2004). Exploring the relationships among canopy structure, stand productivity, and biodiversity of temperate forest ecosystems. Forest Science, 50(3), 342–355.

Jurgens, C. (1997). The modified normalized difference vegetation index (mNDVI) a new index to determine frost damages in agriculture based on Landsat TM data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 18(17), 3583–3594.

Kitajima, K. (2004). Variation in crown light utilization characteristics among tropical canopy trees. Annals of Botany, 95(3), 535–547.

Kohli, B. A., Terry, R. C., & Rowe, R. J. (2018). A trait-based framework for discerning drivers of species co-occurrence across heterogeneous landscapes. Ecography, 41(12), 1921–1933.

Kolari, P., Pumpanen, J., Kulmala, L., Ilvesniemi, H., Nikinmaa, E., Grönholm, T., & Hari, P. (2006). Forest floor vegetation plays an important role in photosynthetic production of boreal forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 221, 241–248.

Konarska, J., Lindberg, F., Larsson, A., Thorsson, S., & Holmer, B. (2014). Transmissivity of solar radiation through crowns of single urban trees – application for outdoor thermal comfort modelling. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 117, 363–376.

Kuuluvainen, T., Angelstam, P., Frelich, L., Jõgiste, K., Koivula, M., Kubota, Y., Lafleur, B., & Macdonald, E. (2021). Natural disturbance-based forest management: Moving beyond retention and continuous-cover forestry. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 4, 629020.

Legendre, P., Mi, X., Ren, H., Ma, K., Yu, M., Sun, I. F., & He, F. (2009). Partitioning beta diversity in a subtropical broad-leaved forest of China. Ecology, 90(3), 663–674.

Lencinas, M. V., Pastur, G. M., Gallo, E., & Cellini, J. M. (2011). Alternative silvicultural practices with variable retention to improve understory plant diversity conservation in Southern Patagonian forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 262(7), 1236–1250.

Li, M., Du, Z., Pan, H., Yan, C., Xiao, W., & Lei, J. (2012). Effects of neighboring woody plants on target trees with emphasis on effects of understorey shrubs on overstorey physiology in forest communities: A mini-review. Community Ecology, 13(1), 117–128.

Lieffers, V. J., Macdonald, S. E., & Hogg, E. H. (1993). Ecology of and control strategies for Calamagrostis canadensis in boreal forest sites. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 23(10), 2070–2077.

Liu, Y.-F., Huang, Z., Meng, L.-C., Li, S.-Y., Wang, Y.-B., Liu, Y., López‐Vicente, M., & Wu, G.-L. (2022). Understory shading exacerbated grassland soil erosion by changing community composition. Catena, 208, 105771.

López-Carrasco, C., López-Sánchez, A., San Miguel, A., & Roig, S. (2015). The effect of tree cover on the biomass and diversity of the herbaceous layer in a Mediterranean dehesa. Grass and Forage Science, 70(4), 639–650.

Luambua, N. K., Hubau, W., Salako, K. V., Amani, C., Bonyoma, B., Musepena, D., Rousseau, M., Bourland, N., Nshimba, H. S. M., Ewango, C., Beeckman, H., & Hardy, O. J. (2021). Spatial patterns of light‐demanding tree species in the Yangambi rainforest (Democratic Republic of Congo). Ecology and Evolution, 11(24), 18691–18707.

Luo, K. (2019). Spatial pattern of forest carbon storage in the vertical and horizontal directions based on HJ-CCD remote sensing imagery. Remote Sensing, 11(7), 788.

Majasalmi, T., & Rautiainen, M. (2020). The impact of tree canopy structure on understory variation in a boreal forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 466, 118100.

Majasalmi, T., Rautiainen, M., Stenberg, P., & Manninen, T. (2015). Validation of MODIS and GEOV1 fPAR products in a boreal forest site in Finland. Remote Sensing, 7(2), 1359–1379.

Márialigeti, S., Tinya, F., Bidló, A., & Ódor, P. (2016). Environmental drivers of the composition and diversity of the herb layer in mixed temperate forests in Hungary. Plant Ecology, 217(5), 549–563.

Matsuo, T., Martínez‐Ramos, M., Bongers, F., Sande, M. T., & Poorter, L. (2021). Forest structure drives changes in light heterogeneity during tropical secondary forest succession. Journal of Ecology, 109(8), 2871–2884.

McCarthy, B. C. (2003). The herbaceous layer of eastern old-growth deciduous forests. In: Gilliam, F. S., & Roberts, M. R. (Eds.). The herbaceous layer in forests of Eastern North America. Oxford University Press. Pp. 163–176.

Messier, C., Parent, S., & Bergeron, Y. (1998). Effects of overstory and understory vegetation on the understory light environment in mixed boreal forests. Journal of Vegetation Science, 9(4), 511–520.

Mestre, L., Toro-Manríquez, M., Soler, R., Huertas-Herrera, A., Martínez-Pastur, G., & Lencinas, M. V. (2017). The influence of canopy-layer composition on understory plant diversity in southern temperate forests. Forest Ecosystems, 4(1), 6.

Mexia, T., Vieira, J., Príncipe, A., Anjos, A., Silva, P., Lopes, N., Freitas, C., Santos-Reis, M., Correia, O., Branquinho, C., & Pinho, P. (2018). Ecosystem services: Urban parks under a magnifying glass. Environmental Research, 160, 469–478.

Miller, J. R., White, H. P., Chen, J. M., Peddle, D. R., McDermid, G., Fournier, R. A., Shepherd, P., Rubinstein, I., Freemantle, J., Soffer, R., & LeDrew, E. (1997). Seasonal change in understory reflectance of boreal forests and influence on canopy vegetation indices. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 102(D24), 29475–29482.

Moreno-Fernández, D., Cañellas, I., & Alberdi, I. (2021). Shrub richness is primarily driven by climate conditions in Southwestern European woodlands. Annals of Forest Science, 78(4), 98.

Nabuurs, G. J. (1996). Quantification of herb layer dynamics under tree canopy. Forest Ecology and Management, 88, 143–148.

Nielsen, A. B., & Jensen, R. B. (2007). Some visual aspects of planting design and silviculture across contemporary forest management paradigms – Perspectives for urban afforestation. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 6(3), 143–158.

Niering, W. A., & Goodwin, R. H. (1974). Creation of relatively stable shrublands with herbicides: Arresting “succession” on rights-of-way and pastureland. Ecology, 55(4), 784–795.

Odemark, Y., & Segalini, A. (2014). The effects of a model forest canopy on the outputs of a wind turbine model. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 555, 12079.

Omar, M., Al Sayed, N., Barré, K., Halwani, J., & Machon, N. (2018). Drivers of the distribution of spontaneous plant communities and species within urban tree bases. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 35, 174–191.

Parker, G. G., & Brown, M. J. (2000). Forest canopy stratification – Is it useful? The American Naturalist, 155(4), 473–484.

Peltzer, D. A., Wardle, D. A., Allison, V. J., Baisden, W. T., Bardgett, R. D., Chadwick, O. A., Condron, L. M., Parfitt, R. L., Porder, S., Richardson, S. J., Turner, B. L., Vitousek, P. M., Walker, J., & Walker, L. R. (2010). Understanding ecosystem retrogression. Ecological Monographs, 80(4), 509–529.

Pennisi, B. V., & van Iersel, M. (2002). 3 ways to measure medium EC. GMPro, 22(1), 46–48.

Peres-Neto, P. R., & Jackson, D. A. (2001). How well do multivariate data sets match? The advantages of a Procrustean superimposition approach over the Mantel test. Oecologia, 129(2), 169–178.

Petit, S., & Fried, G. (2012). Patterns of weed co-occurrence at the field and landscape level. Journal of Vegetation Science, 23(6), 1137–1147.

Pilon, N. A. L., Durigan, G., Rickenback, J., Pennington, R. T., Dexter, K. G., Hoffmann, W. A., Abreu, R. C. R., & Lehmann, C. E. R. (2021). Shade alters savanna grass layer structure and function along a gradient of canopy cover. Journal of Vegetation Science, 32(1), e12959.

Pisek, J., Rautiainen, M., Heiskanen, J., & Mõttus, M. (2012). Retrieval of seasonal dynamics of forest understory reflectance in a Northern European boreal forest from MODIS BRDF data. Remote Sensing of Environment, 117, 464–468.

Putchkov, A. V., Brygadyrenko, V. V., & Markina, T. Y. (2019). Ground beetles of the tribe Carabini (Coleoptra, Carabidae) in the main megapolises of Ukraine. Vestnik Zoologii, 53(1), 3–12.

Ribe, R. G. (1989). The aesthetics of forestry: What has empirical preference research taught us? Environmental Management, 13(1), 55–74.

Rouse, J. W., Haas, R. H., Schell, J. A., & Deering, D. W. (1974). Monitoring vegetation systems in the Great Plains with ERTS. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center 3d ERTS-1 Symposium, 1(A), 309–317.

Royo, A. A., & Carson, W. P. (2006). On the formation of dense understory layers in forests worldwide: Consequences and implications for forest dynamics, biodiversity, and succession. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 36(6), 1345–1362.

Royo, A. A., & Carson, W. P. (2008). Direct and indirect effects of a dense understory on tree seedling recruitment in temperate forests: habitat-mediated predation versus competition. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 38(6), 1634–1645.

Sarah, P., Zhevelev, H. M., & Oz, A. (2015). Urban park soil and vegetation: Effects of natural and anthropogenic factors. Pedosphere, 25(3), 392–404.

Shen, W., & Li, M. (2017). Mapping disturbance and recovery of plantation forests in Southern China using yearly Landsat time series observations. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 37(5), 10142074.

Silvennoinen, H., Alho, J., Kolehmainen, O., & Pukkala, T. (2001). Prediction models of landscape preferences at the forest stand level. Landscape and Urban Planning, 56(1–2), 11–20.

Solonenko, A. M., Podorozhniy, S. M., Bren, O. G., Siruk, I. M., & Zhukov, O. V. (2021). Effect of stand density and diversity on the tree ratio of height to diameter relationship in the park stands of Southern Ukraine. Ecologia Balkanica, 13(2), 173–197.

Stenberg, P., Linder, S., Smolander, H., & Flower-Ellis, J. (1994). Performance of the LAI-2000 plant canopy analyzer in estimating leaf area index of some Scots pine stands. Tree Physiology, 14, 981–995.

Tausz, M., Warren, C. R., & Adams, M. A. (2005). Dynamic light use and protection from excess light in upper canopy and coppice leaves of Nothofagus cunninghamii in an old growth, cool temperate rainforest in Victoria, Australia. New Phytologist, 165(1), 143–156.

Thrippleton, T., Bugmann, H., Kramer-Priewasser, K., & Snell, R. S. (2016). Herbaceous understorey: An overlooked player in forest landscape dynamics? Ecosystems, 19(7), 1240–1254.

Tinya, F., Kovács, B., Bidló, A., Dima, B., Király, I., Kutszegi, G., Lakatos, F., Mag, Z., Márialigeti, S., Nascimbene, J., Samu, F., Siller, I., Szél, G., & Ódor, P. (2021). Environmental drivers of forest biodiversity in temperate mixed forests – A multi-taxon approach. Science of the Total Environment, 795, 148720.

Tonteri, T., Salemaa, M., Rautio, P., Hallikainen, V., Korpela, L., & Merilä, P. (2016). Forest management regulates temporal change in the cover of boreal plant species. Forest Ecology and Management, 381, 115–124.

Turner, M. G., & Gardner, R. H. (2015). Landscape ecology in theory and practice (2nd ed.). Springer, New York.

Tymen, B., Vincent, G., Courtois, E. A., Heurtebize, J., Dauzat, J., Marechaux, I., & Chave, J. (2017). Quantifying micro-environmental variation in tropical rainforest understory at landscape scale by combining airborne LiDAR scanning and a sensor network. Annals of Forest Science, 74(2), 32.

Wagner, R. G., Gonzalez-Benecke, C. A., Nelson, A. S., & Jacobs, D. F. (2018). Forest regeneration in changing environments. New Forests, 49(6), 699–703.

Wavrek, M., Heberling, J. M., Fei, S., & Kalisz, S. (2017). Herbaceous invaders in temperate forests: A systematic review of their ecology and proposed mechanisms of invasion. Biological Invasions, 19(11), 3079–3097.

Welles, J. M., & Norman, J. M. (1991). Instrument for indirect measurement of canopy architecture. Agronomy Journal, 83(5), 818–825.

Willie, J., Tagg, N., & Lens, L. (2018). Diversity and community composition of herbaceous plants in different habitat types in south-east Cameroon. African Journal of Ecology, 56(2), 312–322.

Xiao, C., Li, P., & Feng, Z. (2019). Monitoring annual dynamics of mature rubber plantations in Xishuangbanna during 1987–2018 using Landsat time series data: A multiple normalization approach. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 77, 30–41.

Xie, Q., Dash, J., Huang, W., Peng, D., Qin, Q., Mortimer, H., Casa, R., Pignatti, S., Laneve, G., Pascucci, S., Dong, Y., & Ye, H. (2018). Vegetation indices combining the red and red-edge spectral information for leaf area index retrieval. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 11(5), 1482–1493.

Yakovenko, V., & Zhukov, O. (2021). Zoogenic structure aggregation in steppe and forest soils. In: Dmytruk, Y., & Dent, D. (Eds.). Soils under stress. Springer International Publishing. Pp. 111–127.

Yorkina, N. V., Teluk, P., Umerova, A., Budakova, V. S., Zhaley, O. A., Ivanchenko, K. O., & Zhukov, O. V. (2021). Assessment of the recreational transformation of the grass cover of public green spaces. Agrology, 4(1), 10‒20.

Yorkina, N., Goncharenko, I., Lisovets, O., & Zhukov, O. (2022). Assessment of naturalness: The response of social behavior types of plants to anthropogenic impact. Ekológia (Bratislava), 41(2), 135–146.

Zangy, E., Kigel, J., Cohen, S., Moshe, Y., Ashkenazi, M., Fragman-Sapir, O., & Osem, Y. (2021). Understory plant diversity under variable overstory cover in Mediterranean forests at different spatial scales. Forest Ecology and Management, 494, 119319.

Zhang, S., & Zhou, W. (2018). Recreational visits to urban parks and factors affectting park visits: Evidence from geotagged social media data. Landscape and Urban Planning, 180, 27–35.

Zhukov, O. V., Kunah, O. M., Dubinina, Y. Y., & Novikova, V. O. (2018). The role of edaphic, vegetational and spatial factors in structuring soil animal communities in a floodplain forest of the Dnipro river. Folia Oecologica, 45(1), 8–23.

Zhukov, O. V., Kunah, O. M., Dubinina, Y. Y., Fedushko, M. P., Kotsun, V. I., Zhukova, Y. O., & Potapenko, O. V. (2019). Tree canopy affects soil macrofauna spatial patterns on broad- and meso-scale levels in an Eastern European poplar-willow forest in the floodplain of the River Dnipro. Folia Oecologica, 46(2), 101–114.

Zhukov, O., Kunah, O., Dubinina, Y., Ganga, D., & Zadorozhnaya, G. (2017). Phylogenetic diversity of plant metacommunity of the dnieper river arena terrace within the “Dnieper-Orilskiy” Nature Reserve. Ekologia (Bratislava), 36(4), 352–365.

Zhukov, O., Kunah, O., Dubinina, Y., Zhukova, Y., & Ganzha, D. (2019). The effect of soil on spatial variation of the herbaceous layer modulated by overstorey in an Eastern European poplar-willow forest. Ekologia (Bratislava), 38(3), 253–272.

Zhukov, O., Kunah, O., Fedushko, M., Babchenko, A., & Umerova, A. (2021). Temporal aspect of the terrestrial invertebrate response to moisture dynamic in technosols formed after reclamation at a post-mining site in Ukrainian steppe drylands. Ekológia (Bratislava), 40(2), 178–188.

Zhukov, O., Yorkina, N., Budakova, V., & Kunakh, O. (2021). Terrain and tree stand effect on the spatial variation of the soil penetration resistance in Urban Park. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 2021, 1932368.

Zimaroeva, А. A., Zhukov, O. V., & Ponomarenko, O. L. (2016). Determining spatial parameters of the ecological niche of Parus major (Passeriformes, Paridae) on the base of remote sensing data. Vestnik Zoologii, 50(3), 251–258.

Zymaroieva, A., Zhukov, O., Fedonyuk, T., & Pinkin, A. (2019). Application of geographically weighted principal components analysis based on soybean yield spatial variation for agro-ecological zoning of the territory. Agronomy Research, 17(6), 2460–2473.

Zymaroieva, A., Zhukov, O., Romanchuck, L., & Pinkin, A. (2019). Spatiotemporal dynamics of cereals grains and grain legumes yield in Ukraine. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 25(6), 1107–1113.

Published
2022-08-17
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

> >>