Biosorption of heavy metals by marine algae Ulva rigida, Cystoseira barbata and C. crinita


  • A. Simeonova Technical University
  • S. Petkova Technical University

Abstract

Adsorption properties of three different marine algae (Ulva rigida (green algae); Cystoseira barbata (brown algae) and Cystoseira crinita (brown algae)) were investigated. They were collected from the Black Sea coastal area in Varna region, Bulgaria. Kinetics were studied to evaluate the ability of the three algae to sequester Cu (II), Zn (II), Pb (II), Ni (II), Cd (II) from aqueous solution. The maximum biosorption capacity obtained was 2.84 mgeq Ni2+/g for Cystoseira crinita and 2.28 mgeq Cu2+/g for Cystoseira barbata at a solution pH of 5 ± 0.5. The influence of pH of the solution and algae mass on the heavy metal sorption was investigated either. Desorption using 0.05 M HNO3 was carried out and was determined that regeneration of biomass for use in multiple cycles of Cd (II) biosorption –desorption should be feasible. 

References

A review of potentially low-cost sorbents for heavy metals / S. Bailey, T. Olio, R. Bricka, D. Adrian // Water Res. – 1999. – Vol. 33. – P. 2469–2479. >> doi:10.1016/S0043-1354(98)00475-8
Biosorption of copper (II) and lead (II) from aqueous solutions by nonliving green algae Cladophora fascicularis: equilibrium, kinetics and environmental effects / L. Dend, Y. Su, H. Su et al. // Chemistry and Materials Sci. – 2006. – Vol. 12, N 4. – P. 267–277.
Copper removal from aqueous solution bu marine green algae Ulva reticulate / K. Vijauaraghavan, J. Jegan, K. Planivetu, M. Velan // Electronic Journal of Biotechnology. – 2004.
Davis T. Sargassum seaweed as biosorbent for heavy metals / T. Davis, B. Volesky, R. Vieira // Wat. Res. – 2000. – Vol. 34. – P. 4270–4278. >> doi:10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00177-9
Davis T. A review of the biochemistry of heavy metal biosorption of brown algae / T. Davis, B. Volesky, A. Macei // Water Research. – 2003. – Vol. 37, N 18. – P. 4311–4330. >> doi:10.1016/S0043-1354(03)00293-8
Fourest E. Alginate properties and heavy metal biosorption by marine algae / E. Fourest, B. Volesky // Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. – 1997. – Vol. 67. – P. 44–44. >> doi:10.1007/BF02788799
Handy A. Removal of Pb2+ by biomass of marine algae // Current Microbiology. – 2000. – Vol. 41, N 4. – P. 232–243. >> doi:10.1007/s002840010127
Karthikeyan S. Evaluation of the marine algae Ulva fasciata and Sargassum spp. for the biosorption of Cu (II) from aqueous solutions / S. Karthikeyan, R. Baluslabramiun, C. S. P. Lyer // Bioresource Technology – 2007. – Vol. 98. – P. 452–453. >> doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2006.01.010
Kinetic and equilibrium studies of lead and cadmium biosorption from aqueous solution by Sargassum spp. biomass / R. Nabizadeh, K. Naddafi, R. Saeedu et al. / Iran J. Health Sct. Eng. – 2005. – Vol. 2, N 3. – P. 159–168.
Matheickal J. Biosorption of lead (II) and copper (II) by pretreated biomass of Australian marine algae / J. Matheickal, O. Yu // Bioresource Tech. – 1999. –Vol. 69. – P. 223–229. >> doi:10.1016/S0960-8524(98)00196-5
Microbial biosorbents: meeting challenges of heavy metal pollution in aqueous solutions / R. Gupta, P. Ahuja, S. Khan et al. // Current Sci. – 2000. – Vol. 78, N 8. – P. 967–973.
Ofer R. Marine macroalgae as biosorbents for Cadmium and Nickel in water / R. Ofer, A. Yerachmiel, J. Shumel // Water Environment Research. – 2003. – Vol. 75, N 3. – P. 246–253. >> doi:10.2175/106143003X141033
Schiewer S. Ionic strength effects in biosorption of metals by marine algae / S. Schiewer, M. H. Wong // Chemosphere. – 2000. – Vol. 41, N 1–2. – P. 271–282. >> doi:10.1016/S0045-6535(99)00421-X
Screening of hexavalent chromium biosorbent from marine algae / D. Lee, C. Park, J. Yang et al. // Appl. Microbiology and Biotechnol. – 2000. – Vol. 54, N 3. – P. 445–448. >> doi:10.1007/s002530000387
Vieira R. Biosorption: a solution to pollution / R. Vieira, B. Volesky // Internat. Microbiol. – 2000. – Vol. 3. – P. 17–24.
Volesky B. Advances in biosorption of metals: selection of biomass types // FEMS Microbiol. Rev. – 1994. – N 14. – P. 291–302. >> doi:10.1111/j.1574-6976.1994.tb00102.x
Volesky B. Biosorption of heavy metals / B. Volesky, Z. Holan // Biotechnol. Prog. – 1995. – N 11. – P. 235–250. >> doi:10.1021/bp00033a001
Volesky B. Development of heavy metal biosorption process / B. Volesky, J. Weber, M. Park // Water Res. – 2001. – Vol. 37, N 2. – P. 297–306.
Published
2007-06-11
Section
Articles