Flora of karst lakes in the Pustynsky State Nature Reserve (Nizhny Novgorod oblast)


  • E. A. Belyakov I. D. Papanin Institute for Biology of Inland WatersCherepovets State University, Cherepovets http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8465-9037
  • E. V. Garin I. D. Papanin Institute for Biology of Inland Waters http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0199-9405
  • A. G. Okhapkin Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod
Keywords: Pustynsky lake-river complex, vascular plants, rare species, structure of the flora

Abstract

Pustynsky State Natural Reserve of Regional Importance (area 19,730 hectares) was established by decree of the administration of Nizhny Novgorod oblast on September 16, 2013. It is located in the Tyoshe-Seryozhinsky karst area of the Oka-Sura karst region or Seryozhe-Panskoy karst lake district. Its creation is justified by the need to protect the rare species of living organisms, diverse types of vegetation, unique landscapes and plant communities that are concentrated in this territory. Despite the fact that in 1934 on the shore of the Great Lake in the Staraya Pustyn village the biological station of the State University of Nizhny Novgorod was founded, local flora of the karst lakes which are linked into a single system by the channel of the River Seryozha, remains insufficiently studied. In 2014 and 2015 the authors conducted a study of the flora of the Pustynsky lake-river complex. The collection of material for study of the taxonomic composition of the flora of the reservoirs and the collection of herbarium material were carried out by the route method from a rowing boat and, in part, by traversing along the shore. Taxonomic, ecological (including the spectrum of life forms of plants) and ecobiomorphological analysis of the flora, including the analysis of the ratio of its latitudinal and longitude elements, was carried out in cameral conditions. The taxonomic analysis of flora showed 162 species of vascular plants from 61 genera and 42 families, 6 of these species – Najas minor All., N. major All., Trapa natans L., Potamogeton praelongus Wulf., P. trichoides Cham. et Schlecht. and Carex bohemica Schreb, being included in the List of Rare and Protected Species on the Territory of Nizhny Novgorod oblast. On the basis of the annotated list of plant species, taxonomic, geographic, ecological-coenotic and ecobiomorphological analysis of the flora of the water reservoirs was made. We confirmed that the flora of the lake-river complex is traditional for this territory. Poaceae, Cyperaceae, Potamogetonaceae, Polygonaceae and Asteraceae belong to the dominant families and Potamogeton L., Carex L., Juncus L. and Salix L. belong to the dominant genera of the Pustynsky lake-river system. The level of the hybrid component of the flora is extremely low, which is typical for the watershed lakes. We found that a 6.5 km stretch of the Seryozha River accounts for about 30% of species of the vascular plants belonging to the flora in the Volga River basin. The high species richness of the flora of this territory is due, primarily, to the specific features of the shoreline, forming a broad range of habitats and the relatively stable water level regime despite the strong fluctuation in the level of anthropogenic pressure. We found that boreal and plurizonal elements dominate zonally but Holarctic and Eurasian species – regionally. The predominance of species typical for the ecotone zones of lakes (hygrophytes, hydrophytes and mesophytes) is an integral feature of the ecological-coenotic diversity which is characteristic of the Volga River basin. According to the Raunkiaer classification of life forms, hemicryptophytes are the most numerous group and the hamephytes are the least numerous one. A biomorphological analysis shows the predominance of vegetative mobile, clearly polycentric and vegetative immobile monocentric ecobiomorphs. 

References

Antipova, E. M. (2011). Flora vnutrikontinentalnyh severnyh lesostepey Sredney Sibiri (analiz, lokalnye flory i rayonirovanie, florocenogenez, ohrana fitogenofonda) [Flora of the inland Northern forest-steppes of Middle Siberia (the analysis of the local flora and zonation, plant caenogenesis, preservation of the plant genepool)]. In: Materialy pyatoi Vserossiiskoi konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem “Chteniya pamyati L. M. Cherepnina”. Vol. 1. Izdatelstvo Krasnoyarskogo Gosudarstvennogo Pedagogicheskogo Univer siteta imeni V. P. Astafyeva, Krasnoyarsk, 3–64 (in Russian).
Averkiev, D. S. (1954). Istoriya razvitiya rastitelnogo pokrova Gorkovskoi oblasti i eyo botaniko-geograficheskoe delenie [The history of the development of plant cover in the Gorkiy oblast and its phytogeographical division]. Uchyo nye Zapiski Gorkovskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta. Seriya Biologi cheskaya, 25, 119–136 (in Russian).
Azzella, M. M., Rosati, L., Iberite, M., Bolpagni, R., & Blasi, C. (2014). Changes in aquatic plants in the Italian volcanic-lake system detected using current data and historical records. Aquatic Botany, 112, 41–47.
Bakanina, F. M., Vorotnichkov, V. P., Lukina, E. V., & Fridman, B. I. (2001). Ozyora Nizhegorodskoi oblasti [Lakes of Nizhny Novgorod oblast]. Izdanie VOOP, Nizhnii Novgorod (in Russian).
Bakka, S. V., & Kiselyeva, N. Y. (2008). Osobo ohranyaemye prirodnye territorii Nizhegorodskoi oblasti: Annotirovannyi perechen [Protected areas in Nizhny Novgorod oblast: Annotated list]. Minprirody Nizhegorodskoi oblasti, Nizhnii Novgorod (in Russian).
Bayanov, N. G., Krivdina, T. V., & Loginov, V. V. (2014). Ozyora yugo-zapada Nizhegorodskoi oblasti [Lake of South-West of Nizhny Novgorod oblast]. Trudy Mordovskogo Gosudarstvennogo Prirodnogo Zapovednika imeni P. G. Smidovicha, 12, 241–263 (in Russian).
Belyakov, E. A., Garin, E. V., & Okhapkin, A. G. (2015). Flora ozyorno-rechno go kompleksa reki Seryozha Pustynskogo zakaznika (Nizhegorodskaya obl., Arzamasskii rayon) [Flora of lake-river complex Seryozha in the Pustyn preserve (Nizhny Novgorod region, Arzamas oblast)]. In: Proceedings of VII All-Russian conference with international participation on aquatic macro phytes “Hydrobotany 2015”. Filigran, Yaroslavl, 72–75 (in Russian).
Bornette, G., & Puijalon, S. (2009). Macrophytes: Ecology of Aquatic Plants. In: Encyclopedia of Life Sciences (ELS). John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.
Byng, J. W., Chase, M. W., Christenhusz, M. J. M., Fay, M. F., Judd, W. S., Mabberley, D. J., Sennikov, A. N., Soltis, D. E., Soltis, P. S., & Stevens, P. F. (2016). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 181, 1–20.
Cherepanov, S. K. (1995). Sosudistye rasteniya Rossii i sopredelnyh gosudarstv (v predelah byvshego SSSR) [Vascular plants of Russia and the adjacent states (within the former USSR)]. Mir i Semya – 95, St. Petersburg (in Russian).
Christenhusz, M. J. M., Reveal, J. L., Farjon, A., Gardner, M. F., Mill, R. R., & Chase, M. W. (2011). A new classification and linear sequence of extant gymnosperms. Phytotaxa, 19, 55–70.
Christenhusz, M. M., & Chase, M. W. (2014). Trends and concepts in fern classification. Annals of Botany, 113(4), 571–594.
Garin, E. V. (2012). Flora vygonnyh kopaney severo-zapada Yaroslavskoi oblasti [Flora of pasture earth reservoir of the northwest of Yaroslavl region]. Vestnik APK Verhnevolzhya, 4(20), 56–58 (in Russian).
Garin, E. V. (2016). Struktura flory sosudistyh rastenii Yaroslavskoi oblasti [The structure of flora of vascular plants of the Yaroslavl oblast]. Mezhdunarodnyy Zhurnal Prikladnyh i Fundamentalnyh Issledovanii, 8(2), 188–193 (in Russian).
Katanskaya, V. M. (1981). Vysshaya vodnaya rastitelnost kontinentalnyh vodoemov SSSR: Metody izucheniya [Higher aquatic vegetation of continental water bodies of the USSR: Study methods]. Nauka, Leningrad (in Russian).
Krasnova, A. N., & Kuzmichev, A. I. (1990). Flora ozyor Severo-Dvinskoi vodnoi sistemy [The flora of the lakes of the North Dvina water system]. In: Flora i produktivnost pelagicheskih i litoralnyh fitocenozov vodoyomov basseina Volgi. Nauka, Leningrad, 95–109 (in Russian).
Kuzmichev, A. I., & Krasnova, A. N. (2001). Parcialnye flory presnyh vodoyomov Evropeyskoi Rossii [Partial flora of freshwater in the European Russia]. Botanicheskii Zhurnal, 86(1), 65–72 (in Russian).
Kuzmichev, A. I., Ekzertsev, V. A., Lisitsyna, L. I., Dovbnya, I. V., Trusov, B. A., Krasnova, A. N., Artyemenko, V. I., Lapirov, A. G., & Lyashenko, G. F. (1990). Flora i rastitelnost ozyor Yaroslavskoi oblasti [Flora and vegetation of the lakes of Yaroslavl region]. In: Flora i produktivnost pelagicheskih i litoralnyh fitocenozov vodoyomov basseina Volgi. Nauka, Leningrad, 50–94 (in Russian).
Lisitsyna, L. I., Papchenkov, V. G., & Artyemenko, V. I. (2009). Flora vodoyomov Volzhskogo basseina: Opredelitel sosudistyh rastenii [Flora of water bodies of the Volga river basin: Identification guide of vascular plants]. Tovarishchestvo Nauchnyh Izdanii KMK, Moscow (in Russian).
Lukina, E. V. (1982). O dinamike flory i rastitelnosti ozera Velikogo Pustynskogo Gorkovskoi oblasti [On the dynamics of flora and vegetation in the lakes Velikoe of Pustynskiy of Gorky oblast]. In: Biologicheskie osnovy povysheniya produktivnosti i ohrana rastitelnyh soobshchestv Povolzhya. Izdatelstvo Gorkovskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta, Gorkiy, 71–77 (in Russian).
Lukina, E. V., & Peshkova, N. V. (1968). Vidy iv okrestnostei biostancii Gorkovskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta [Species of Salix of the Biological station of the Gorkiy State University]. Uchyonye Zapiski Gorkovskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta. Seriya Biologicheskaya, 90, 129–132 (in Russian).
Lyubov, M. S. (2004). Geografiya Nizhegorodskogo kraya [Geography of Nizhny Novgorod oblast]. Arzamasskii Gosudarstvennyi Pedagogicheskii Institute, Arzamas (in Russian).
Maevskiy, P. F. (2014). Flora srednei polosy evropeyskoi chasti Rossii [Flora of the temperate zone of the european part of the Russia]. 11-th izd. Tovarishchestvo Nauchnyh Izdanii KMK, Moscow (in Russian).
Martynenko, V. A. (1996). Flora severnoi i srednei podzon taigi Evropeiskogo Severo-Vostoka [The flora of the Northern and Middle subzones of taiga in the European North]. Ekaterinburg (in Russian).
Mikhaylov, A. N. (1959). Agroklimaticheskoe rayonirovanie [Agroclimatic zo ning]. In: Agroklimaticheskii spravochnik po Gorkovskoi oblasti. Gidrome teoizdat, Leningrad, 45–65 (in Russian).
Papchenkov, V. G. (2001). Rastitelnyi pokrov vodoyomov Srednego Povolzhya [Vegetation cover of water bodies and water courses of the Middle Volga region]. CMP MUBiNT, Yaroslavl (in Russian).
Papchenkov, V. G. (2002). Gibridnaya sostavlyayushchaya flory kak pokazatel stepeni vozdeystviya cheloveka na prirodu [The hybrid component of the flora as the indicator of the degree of human impact on nature]. In: Materialy Vtoroi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferencii “Aktualnye problemy ehkologii Yaroslavskoi oblasti”. Vol. 2. Izdanie VVO REHA,Yaroslavl, 109–113 (in Russian).
Papchenkov, V. G. (2011). Rastitelnyi pokrov zaliva i podpornyh uchastkov rek Yuhot i Uleima [Vegetative cover of the gulf and retaining parts of the Rivers Jukhot and Ulejma]. Yaroslavskii Pedagogicheskii Vestnik. Seriya Biologicheskaya, 3(1), 119–127 (in Russian).
Petushkova, T. P., Dementieva, S. M., & Notov, A. A. (2009). Flora nekotoryh ozyor Udomelskogo raiona Tverskoi oblasti [Flora of central Laces in Udomlya district, Tver region]. Vestnik Tverskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta. Seriya Biologiya i Ehkologiya, 14, 167–173 (in Russian).
Raunkiaer, C. (1937). Plant life forms. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Romanov, R. E., Birykova, O. V., & Bondarev, O. O. (2015). Harovye (Strepto phyta, Charales) Nizhegorodskoi oblasti [The Charophytes (Streptophyta, Charales) of Nizhny Novgorod oblast]. Botanicheskiy Zhurnal, 100(5), 443–452 (in Russian).
Romanov, R. E., Shilov, M. P., Belyakov, E. A., Lapirov, A. G., & Birykova, O. V. (2015). Floristicheskie nahodki harovyh vodoroslei (Charales, Streptophyta) v Srednei Rossii [New species records of Charophytes (Charales, Streptophyta) in Central Russia]. Byulleten Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody. Otdel Biologicheskii, 120(3), 78–79 (in Russian).
Savinykh, N. P., & Cheryomushkina, V. A. (2015). Biomorphology: Current status and prospects. Contemporary Problems of Ecology, 8(5), 541–549.
Shchennikov, A. P. (1964). Vvedenie v geobotaniku [Introduction to geobota nica]. Izdatelstvo Leningradskogo Universiteta, Leningrad (in Russian).
Smirnova, A. D., Lukina, E. V., & Nikitina, I. G. (1975). Materialy po dinamike flory i rastitelnosti ozera Parovogo iz sistemy Pustynskih ozyor Gorkovskoi oblasti [The materials on the dynamics of flora and vegetation of the lake Parovoe from the system Pustynsky lakes of Gorky oblast]. In: Biologiches kie osnovy povysheniya produktivnosti i ohrany lesnyh, lugovyh i vodnyh fitocenozov. Vol. 4. Gorkovskii Gosudarstvennyi Universitet imeni N. I. Lo bachevskogo, Gorkiy, 42–52 (in Russian).
Stankov, S. S. (1951). Ocherki fizicheskoi geografii Gorkovskoi oblasti [Sketches of the physical geography of the Gorkiy oblast]. Gorkovskoe Oblastnoe Gosudarstvennoe Izdatelstvo, Gorkii (in Russian).
Stupishin, A. V. (1967). Ravninnyi karst i zakonomernosti ego razvitiya na primere Srednego Povolzhya [The plain karst and its development on the example of the Middle Volga region]. Izdatelstvo Kazanskogo Universiteta, Kazan (in Russian).
Teteryuk, B. Y. (2013). Biomorfologicheskaya struktura flory vodoyomov bas seina reki Vychegda [Biomorphological structure of the flora of Vychegda river water basin]. Modern Phytomorphology, 3, 167–175 (in Russian).
Vorobyev, P. M. (1943). Vodno-bolotnaya rastitelnost ozera Velikogo bliz sela Pustyn, Chernuhinskogo raiona, Gorkovskoi oblasti [Wetland vegetation the Velikoe lake near the village of Pustyn, Chernuhinsk district, Gorkiy oblast]. Uchyonye Zapiski Gorkovskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universitetata. Seriya Biologicheskaya, 2, 36–43 (in Russian).
Vorotnichkov, B. P., Chkalov, A. V., & Shirokov, A. I. (2011). Rastitelnost okrestnostei Pustynskoi biostancii [The vegetation of the surrounding area of Pustynsky the biological station]. Nizhegorodskii Gosuniversitet, Nizhnii Novgorod (in Russian).
Ziaja, M., Wójcik, T., & Pol, J. (2015). Changes in vascular flora of the Rzeszow reservoir after 20 years (SE Poland), Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 24(4), 1845–1854.
Published
2017-07-19
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.