Ethno-botanical and geo-referenced profiling of medicinal plants of Nawagai Valley, District Buner (Pakistan)

  • S. U. Zaman University of Malakand
  • K. Ali University of Malakand
  • W. Khan University of Malakand
  • M. Ali University of Malakand
  • T. Jan University of Malakand
  • M. Nisar University of Malakand
Keywords: medicinal plants; therapeutic uses; georeferenced data; District Bunir


The prime objective of the research was to list the important ethnomedicinal plants of Nawagai village, District Buner. During the survey, 44 plant species from 27 families were observed and collected from the targeted area of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Lamiaceae members were the most dominant (54%) followed by members of Asteraceae (30%), Poaceae (18%) and Solanaceae (12%). Relevant information such as field data, GPS coordinates family names, local names, therapeutic uses and plant habits were recorded for each species. For preservation purposes, specimens were mounted on herbarium sheets, and identified with the help of flora of Pakistan, flora of Australia and other relevant floristic records. During this research work all the collected specimens were preserved in the (BG&H, UOM) Botanical Garden and Herbarium, the data were also provided to the Department of Botany, University of Malakand Dir (Lower), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.


Abbasi, A. M., Khan, M. A., Ahmad, M., Zafar, M., Jahan, S., & Sultana, S. (2010). Ethnopharmacological application of medicinal plants to cure skin diseases and in folk cosmetics among the tribal communities of North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 128(2), 322–335.

Acharya, K., Chaudhary, R., & Vetaas, O. (2009). Medicinal plants of Nepal: Dis tribution pattern along an elevational gradient and effectiveness of existing protected areas for their conservation. Banko Janakari, 19(1), 16–21.

Ahmad, M., Sultana, S., Fazl-i-Hadi, S., ben Hadda, T., Rashid, S., Zafar, M., Khan, M., Khan, M. P., & Yaseen, G. (2014). An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in high mountainous region of Chail valley (District Swat- Pakistan). Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 10(1), 36.

Akhtar, N., Rashid, A., Murad, W., & Bergmeier, E. (2013). Diversity and use of ethno-medicinal plants in the region of Swat, North Pakistan. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 9(1), 25.

Ali, K., Khan, N., Rahman, I. U., Ahmad, S., Khan, W., Ali, M., & Sheday, A. A. (2017). Climate change: An evil or an opportunity-evidence from the Hindu Kush Mountain system of Pakistan. International Journal of Biosciences, 11(2), 99–105.

Ali, K., Khan, S., Khan, N., Khan, W., Rahman, I. U., Ullah, F., Ali, K., & Nisar, M. (2017). Ethnobotanical and ecological study of Punica granatum in Dir dist rict, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems, 8(4), 656–661.

Ali, K., Ullah, F., Khan, N., Rahman, I. U., Ullah, S., Khan, W., Ali, M., Uddin, N., & Nisar, M. (2017). Ethnobotanical and ecological study of Myrtus communis (L.) in Bajaur agency (FATA) Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences, 11(1), 152–164.

Ali, M., Begum, R., Ali, K., Nisar, M., Khan, W., Hassan, N., Uddin, N., Wadood, S. F., Zaman, S. U., Rahman, I. U., & Khan, N. (2017). Ethnobotanical sur vey of wild medicinal plants of Tirat Valley district Swat, Khyber-Pakhtun khwa. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences, 11(3), 91–101.

Bako, S. P., Bakfur, M. J., John, I., & Bala, E. (2005). Ethnomedicinal and phyto chemical profile of some savanna plant species in Nigeria. International Journal of Botany, 1(2), 147–150.

Govaerts, R., & Govaerts, R. (2001). How many species of seed plants are there? Taxon, 50(4), 1085.

Habib-Ul-Hassan, W. M., Ahmad, N., Tariq, A., Khan, I., Akhtar, N., & Jan, S. (2015). Indigenous uses of the plants of Malakand valley, district Dir (Lower), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Sciences Resour ces, 21(1), 83–99.

Halberstein, R. A. (2005). Medicinal plants: Historical and cross-cultural usage patterns. Annals of Epidemiology, 15(9), 686–699.

Hussain, S. Z., Malik, R. N., Javaid, M., & Bibi, S. (2008). Ethnobotanical proper ties and uses of medicinal plants of Morgah Biodiversity Park, Rawalpindi. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 40(5), 1897–1911.

Ibrar, M., Hussain, F., & Sultan, A. (2007). Ethnobotanical studies on plant resour ces of Ranyal Hills, District Shangla, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 39(2), 329–337.

Ikram, S., Bhatti, K. H., & Parvaiz, M. (2014). Ethnobotanical studies of aquatic plants of district Sialkot Punjab (Pakistan). Journal of Medicinal Plants Stu dies, 2(1), 58–63.

Khan, M., & Musharaf, S. (2015). Ethnomedicinal and conservation status of plant species in Tehsil Takht Bhai, District Mardan, Pakistan. International Letters of Natural Sciences, 37, 18–29.

Manan, Z., Sirajuddin, A., Razzaq, M., & Islam, M. (2007). Diversity of medici nal plants in Wari subdivision District upper Dir, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Plant Sciences, 13, 21–28.

Parada, M., Carrió, E., Bonet, M. À., & Vallès, J. (2009). Ethnobotany of the Alt Empordà region (Catalonia, Iberian Peninsula). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 124(3), 609–618.

Shahzeb, S., Mehmood, R., khan, U., & Khan, S. U. (2013). Use of medicinal plants of District Bannu in Unani Medicines. International Journal of Herbal Medicine, 1(2), 81–88.

Shinwari, Z. K. (2010). Medicinal plants research in Pakistan. Journal of Medicinal Plants Resources, 4(3), 161–176.

Umair, M., Altaf, M., & Abbasi, A. M. (2017). An ethnobotanical survey of indi genous medicinal plants in Hafizabad district, Punjab-Pakistan. PLoS One, 12(6), e0177912.

Zaman, S., Farrukh, H., & Muhammad, I. (2014). Traditional knowledge on plant resources of Ashezai and Salarzai Valleys, District Buner, Pakistan. African Journal of Plant Science, 8(1), 42–53.