Climatogenic reaction of Robinia pseudoacacia and Pinus sylvestris within Northern Steppe of Ukraine


Keywords: correlation analysis; radial increment; black locust, Scots pine, steppe zone

Abstract

Climatic changes in the environment are becoming more noticeable each year. Nonetheless, trends in the reaction of radial growth of forest trees to climate change should be studied in different climatic regions due to significant local variability in climatic conditions which are specific for any particular area. We conducted a correlation analysis of the relationship between the parameters of radial increment of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and meteorological factors of the environment in forest areas located in thenorthern steppe zone of Ukraine. We performed surveys in plantations of black locust, growing in hill slope and interfluve areas and also in sandy terrace plots of Scots pine. Over the period of intense vegetatative growth, black locust requires moisture 50% higher than the norm, and Scots pine 43% higher than the norm. It was determined that maximum increment for the studied plants occurred under the influence of a combination of factors involving reduction of the air temperature by 2.6–2.7 °С below the norm for black locust and by 2.3–2.5 °С for Scots pine. During the period of lower vegetative activity, Scots pine demonstrated lower sensitivity compared to black locust. This paper provides a statistical characteristic of the radial increment of trees in the conditions of changes in meteorological factors which limit their growth. The article provides data on multiple correlation of radial increment of the tree stands in relation to growth locations; demonstrates correlation dependency of radial increment of the studied trees on the precipitation and mean monthly temperatures over different time periods and during particular months. Radial increment of Scots pine exhibited most positive correlation with the total of precipitations throughout the period. For the stands of black locust, correlation coefficients were higher and distinguished by both positive and negative values. In the current increment of this species, a negative correlation relation was observed with the total precipitation in July, August and September, and positive correlation with the remaining months of the year. By contrast, radial increment of black locust and Scots pine positively correlated with air temperature during all time periods and particular months.

References

Antonova, G. F., Perevoznikova, V. D., & Stasava, V. V. (1999). Vliyanie uslovij proizrastaniya na strukturu godichnogo sloya drevesiny i produktivnost' sosny obyknovennoj [The influence of growing conditions on the structure of the annual wood layer and the productivity of Scots pine]. Forestry, 6, 45–53 (in Russian).
Antonova, G. F., Shebeko, V. V., & Milutina, E. S. (1983). Sezonnaya dinamika kambial'noj aktivnosti i differenciacii traheid v stvole sosny obyknovennoj [Seasonal dynamics of cambial activity and differentiation of tracheids in the trunk of Scots pine]. Wood chemistry, 1, 16–22 (in Russian).
Brygadyrenko, V. V. (2014). Influence of soil moisture on litter invertebrate community structure of pine forests of the steppe zone of Ukraine. Folia Oecologica, 41(1), 8–16.
Campoe, O. C., Munhoz, J. S. B., Alvares, C. A., Carneiro, R. L., de Mattos, E. M., Ferez, A. P. C., & Stape, J. L. (2016). Meteorological seasonality affecting individual tree growth in forest plantations in Brazil. Forest Ecology and Management, 380, 149–160.
Carlón-Allende, T., Villanueva-Díaz, H., Mendoza, M. E., & Pérez-Salicrup, D. R. (2018). Climatic signal in earlywood and latewood in conifer forests in the Monarch Butterfly biosphere reserve, Mexico. Tree-Ring Research, 74(1), 63–75.
Castagneri, D., Nola, P., Motta, R., & Carrer, M. (2014). Summer climate variability over the last 250 years differently affected tree species radial growth in a mesic Fagus–Abies–Picea old-growth forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 320, 21–29.
Chen, F., Yuan, Y. J., Wei, W. S., Yu, S. L., Li, Y., Zhang, R. B., Zhang, T. W., & Shang, H. M. (2010). Chronology development and climate response analysis of Schrenk spruce (Picea schrenkiana) tree-ring parameters in the Urumqi river basin, China. Geochrinometria, 36, 17–22.
Faly, L. I., & Brygadyrenko, V. V. (2014). Patterns in the horizontal structure of litter invertebrate communities in windbreak plantations in the steppe zone of the Ukraine. Journal of Plant Protection Research, 54(4), 414–420.
Faly, L. I., & Brygadyrenko, V. V. (2018). Influence of the herbaceous layer and litter depth on the spatial distribution of litter macrofauna in a forest plantation. Biosystems Diversity, 26(1), 46–51.
Feliksik, E., & Wilczyński, S. (2000). The influence of thermal and pluvial conditions on the radial increment of the Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) from the area of Dolny Śląsk. Folia Forestalia Polonica, Seria A, 42, 55–66.
Foster, T. E., & Brooks, J. R. (2001). Long-term trends in growth of Pinus palustris and Pinus elliottii along a hydrological gradient in Central Florida. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 31, 1661–1670.
Franke, A. K., Bräuning, A., Timonen, M., & Rautio, P. (2017). Growth response of Scots pines in polar-alpine tree-line to a warming climate. Forest Ecology and Management, 399, 94–107.
Gustafson, E. J., Miranda, B. R., De Bruijn, A. M. G., Sturtevant, B. R., & Kubiske, M. E. (2017). Do rising temperatures always increase forest productivity? Interacting effects of temperature, precipitation, cloudiness and soil texture on tree species growth and competition. Environmental Modelling and Software, 97, 171–183.
Hensiruk, S. A. (2002). Lisy Ukrayiny [Forests of Ukraine]. USFU, Lviv (in Ukrainian).
Holdridge, L. R. (1967). Life zone ecology. Tropical Science Center, San José, Costa Rica.
Jankowski, K., Jankowska, J., Ciepiela, G. A., Sosnowski, J., Wiśniewska-Kadzajan, B., & Matsyura, A. (2014). The initial growth and development of Poa pratensis under the allelopathic influence of taraxacum officinale. Journal of Ecological Engineering, 15(2), 93–99.
Kukhta, E. A. (2003). Linejnyj prirost derev'ev kak indicator sostojanija sredy [Linear increment of trees as an indicator of the state of the environment]. Siberian Journal of Ecology, 6, 767–771 (in Russian).
Laroque, C. P., & Smith, D. J. (2005). Predicted short-term radial-growth changes of trees based on past climate on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Dendrochronologia, 22(3), 163–168.
Lindner, M., Maroschek, M., Netherer, S., Kremer, A., Barbati, A., Garcia Gonzalo, J., Seidl, R., Delzon, S., Corona, P., Kolström, M., Lexer, M., & Marchetti, M. (2010). Climate change impacts, adaptive capacity, and vulnerability of European forest ecosystems. Forest Ecology and Management, 259, 698–709.
Lovelius, N. V., & Gritsan, Y. I. (1998). Lesnye jekosistemy Ukrainy i teplo-vlagoobespechennost' [Forest ecosystems and supply of warmth and humidity]. Petrovskaja Akademija Nauk i Iskusstv, Sankt-Peterburg (in Russian).
Messaoud, Y, & Chen, H. Y. H. (2011). The influence of recent climate change on tree height growth differs with species and spatial environment. PLoS One, 6(2), e14691.
Messaoud, Y., & Chen, H. Y. H. (2011). The influence of recent climate change on tree height growth differs with species and spatial environment. PloS One, 6(2), e14691.
Naurzbaev, M. M., Hughes, M. K., & Vaganov, E. A. (2004). Tree-ring growth curves as sources of climatic information. Quaternary Research, 62(2), 126–133.
Oberhuber, W., & Kofler, W. (2000). Topographic influences on radial growth of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) at small spatial scales. Plant Ecology, 146(2), 231–240.
Panthi, S., Bräuning, A., Zhou, Z.-K., & Fan, Z.-X. (2018). Growth response of Abies georgei to climate increases with elevation in the central Hengduan Mountains, Southwestern China. Dendrochronologia, 47, 1–9.
Rusalenko, A. I. (1986). Godichnyj prirost derev'ev i vlagoobespechennost' [Annual tree growth and moisture supply]. Science and Technology, Minsk (in Russian).
Smiljanić, M., & Wilmking, M. (2018). Drivers of stem radial variation and its pattern in peatland Scots pines: A pilot study. Dendrochronologia, 47, 30–37.
Stanners, D., & Bourdeau, P. (1995). Europe’s environment: The Dobris assessment report. European Environment Agency, Copenhagen.
Teets, A., Fraver, S., Hollinger, D. Y., Weiskittel, A. R., Seymour, R. S., & Richardson, A. D. (2018). Linking annual tree growth with eddy-flux measures of net ecosystem productivity across twenty years of observation in a mixed conifer forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 249, 479–487.
Tie, Q., Hu, H., Tian, F., & Holbrook, N. M. (2018). Comparing different methods for determining forest evapotranspiration and its components at multiple temporal scales. Science of the Total Environment, 633, 12–29.
Tonn, N., & Greb, T. (2017). Radial plant growth. Current Biology, 27(17), R878–R882.
Vaganov, E. A., & Shashkin, A. V. (2000). Rost i struktura godichnyh kolec hvojnyh [Growth and structure of annual rings of conifers]. Nauka, Novosibirsk (in Russian).
Williams, V. R. (1938). Pochvovedenie [Soil Science]. Higher School, Moscow (in Russian).
Yeh, H.-Y., Wensel, L. C., & Turnblom, E. C. (2000). An objective approach for classifying precipitation patterns to study climatic effects on tree growth. Forest Ecology and Management, 139(1–3), 41–50.
Published
2019-02-26
Section
Articles