Role of landscape diversity in dynamics of abundance of sugar beet pests population in Poltava region


  • O. V. Zhukov Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University
  • P. V. Pisarenko Poltava State Agrarian Academy
  • O. М. Kunah Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University
  • O. J. Dichenko Poltava State Agrarian Academy
Keywords: landscape diversity, abundance dynamics, pest insects, ecological stability

Abstract

Indicators of landscape-ecological diversity of territory of the Poltava region according to remote sensing of the Earth have been established, and its role in determination of dynamics of abundance of sugar beet pests has been found. The greatest landscape-ecological diversity has been calculated to be characteristic for the east and central areas of the Poltava region. The greatest landscape diversity has been revealed for Reshetilovsky (by the average Shannon index it is equal to 1,07 bit/pixel) and Velikobagachansky (1,06 bit/pixel) districts which are in the center of the Poltava region. The least landscape diversity is characteristic for Chernuhinsky, Semenovsky, Globinsky and Kobeljansky districts. General level of the landscape-ecological diversity and its dynamics has its effect on the condition and dynamics of sugar beet pests’ abundance within the Poltava region. Landscape diversity defines the conditions where sharp growth of abundance of sugar beet pests may occur with the highest probability. Low level of landscape diversity displays ecological conditions at which risks of high infestations of sugar beet pest insects are the greatest. Level of landscape diversity in the conditions of the Poltava region, first of all, is defined by the relation of agro ecosystems to the landscape complexes of other types. Large unvaried territories which are occupied by agricultural lands create the conditions for high infestations of sugar beet pest insects.

References

Barsov, V.A., Pilipenko, A.F., Zhukov, A.V., Kul’bachko, J.L., Kisenko, T.I., 1996. Sezonnye, godovye i vyzvannye antropogennymi faktorami izmenenija struktury populjacij pochvennyh i nazemnyh bespozvonochnyh zhivotnyh v nekotoryh biogeocenozah central’nogo stepnogo Pridneprov’ja [Seasonal, annual and caused by anthropogenous factors structure population changes of soil and land invertebrates animals in some central steppe Pridniprovie biogeocoenosis]. Visn. Dnipropetr. Univ. 2, 24–30 (in Russian).
Barsov, V.A., Kisenko, T.I., Kul’bachko, J.L., Zhukov, A.V., 1997. Problemy ohrany jentomofauny landshaftov Dnepropetrovshhiny, nahodjashhihsja pod ugrozoj ischeznovenija [Dnipropetrovsk landscapes protection problems of entomofauna which ¬is under the threat of disappearance]. Frantsiya ta Ukrayina, Naukovo-Praktychnyy Dosvid u Konteksti Dialohu Natsional’nykh Kul’tur 2(2), 6–7 (in Russian).
Vasil’ev, V.P. (ed.), 1989. Vrediteli sel’skohozjajstvennyh kul’tur i lesnyh nasazhdenij [Pests of agricultural crops and wood plantings]. Urozhaj, Kiev 3 (in Russian).
Dychenko, O.Y., 2012. Tsyklichnist’ masovykh rozmnozhen’ komakh-shkidnykiv tsukrovykh buryakiv v Ukrayini [Cyclic dynamic of the high infestations of sugar beets pest insects in Ukraine]. Visnyk Poltavs’koyi Derzhavnoyi Ahrarnoyi Akademiyi 1, 81–83 (in Ukraine).
Dychenko, O.Y., 2011. Istoriya masovykh rozmnozhen’ osnovnykh shkidnykiv tsukrovykh buryakiv [History of high infestations of sugar beets main pest]. Visnyk Poltavs’koyi Derzhavnoyi Ahrarnoyi Akademiyi 3, 185–187 (in Ukraine).
Zhukov, A.V., Kunah, O.N., Zadorozhnaja, G.A., Andrusevich, E.V., 2013. Landshaftnaja jekologija kak osnova prostranstvennogo analiza produktivnosti agrocenozov [Landscape ecology as a basis of the spatial analysis of the agrocoenosis productivity]. Ecology and Noospherology 24(1), 68–80 (in Russian).
Zhukov, A.V., 2005. Bioraznoobrazie i ustojchivost’ v prostranstve pochvennoj mezofauny [Biodiversity and spatial stability of the soil mesofauna]. Ecology and Noospherology 16(3–4), 165–177 (in Russian).
Zhukov, A.V., Kunah, O.N., Konovalova, T.P., 2011. Landshaftnyj aspekt jekologicheskoj nishi slepyshej [Landscape aspect of the mole rats (Spalax microphthalmus Guldenstaedt 1770) ecological niche]. Biological Bulletin of Bogdan Chmelnitskiy Melitopol State Pedagogical University 3, 13–27 (in Russian).
Pysarenko, P.V., Dychenko, O.Y., 2014. Odnochasnist’ (synkhronnist’) zminy dynamiky shkidnykiv buryakiv tsukrovykh u Tsentral’nomu Lisostepu Ukrayiny [Synchronize dynamic changes of the sugar beets pest in Central Ukranian Forest Steeppe]. Visnyk Poltavs’koyi Derzhavnoyi Ahrarnoyi Akademiyi 3, 33–35 (in Ukranian).
Sumarokov, A.M., Zhukov, A.V., 2006. Obosnovanie vosstanovlenija jekologicheskogo potenciala agrobiocenozov pri umen’shenii pesticidnyh nagruzok v Ukraine [Ground of renewal of ecological potential of agrobiogeocenoses at diminishing of pesticidal loadings in Ukraine]. Kharkov Entomological Society Gazette 14(1–2), 145–154 (in Russian).
Sumarokov, A.M., Zhukov, A.V., 2013. Pokazatel’ vosstanovlenija bioticheskogo potenciala agrojekosistem pri umen’shenii pesticidnyh zagruzok [Recovery rates of biotic potential of agrarian ecosystems with reduction of pesticide load]. Biological Bulletin of Bogdan Chmelnitskiy Melitopol State Pedagogical University 9(4), 83–108 (in Russian).
Beddington, J.R., Free, C.A., Lawton, J.H., 1976. Concepts of stability and resilience in predator – prey models. J. Anim. Ecol. 45, 791–816. >> doi:10.2307/3581
Bianchi, F., Booij, C.J.H., Tscharntke, T., 2006. Sustainable pest regulation in agricultural landscapes: A review on landscape composition, biodiversity and natural pest control. Proc. R. Soc. B. 273, 1715–1727. >> doi:10.1098/rspb.2006.3530
Bobyliov, Y.P., Brygadyrenko, V.V., Bulakhov, V.L., Gaichenko, V.A., Gasso, V.Y., Didukh, Y.P., Ivashov, A.V., Kucheriavyi, V.P., Maliovanyi, M.S., Mytsyk, L.P., Pakhomov, O.Y., Tsaryk, I.V., Shabanov, D.A., 2014. Ekologija [Ecology]. Folio, Kharkiv (in Ukrainian).
Bulakhov, V.L., Emel'janov, I.G., Pakhomov, O.Y., 2003. Bioraznoobrazie kak funkcional'naja osnova jekosistem [Biodiversity as functional basis of ecosystems]. Vìsn. Dnìpropetr. Unìv. Ser. Bìol. Ekol. 11(1), 3–8.
Carpenter, S.R., Kraft, C.E., Wright, R., He, X., Soranno, P.A., Hodgson, J.R., 1992. Resilience and resistance of alake phosphorus cycle before and after a food web manipulation. Am. Nat. 140, 781–798. >> doi:10.1086/285440
Cottingham, K.L., Carpenter, S.R., 1994. Predictive indices of ecosystem resilience in models of north temperate lakes. Ecology 75, 2127–2138. >> doi:10.2307/1941616
DeAngelis, D.L., 1980. Energy flow, nutrient cycling, and ecosystem resilience. Ecology 61, 764–771. >> doi:10.2307/1936746
DeAngelis, D.L., Bartell, S.M., Brenkert, A.L., 1989. Effects of nutrient recycling and food chain length on resilience. Am. Nat. 134, 778–805. >> doi:10.1086/285011
Gardiner, M.M., Landis, D.A., Gratton, C., DiFonzo, C.D., O’Neal, M., Chacon, J., Wayo, M., Schmidt, N., Mueller, E., Heimpel, G.E., 2009. Landscape diversity enhances biological control of an introduced crop pest in the north-central USA. Ecol. Appl. 19(1), 143–154. >> doi:10.1890/07-1265.1
Global Land Cover 2000 database, 2003. European Commission, Joint Research Centre, http://bioval.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ products/glc2000/glc2000.php.
Harrison, G.W., 1979. Stability under environmental stress: Resistance, resilience, persistence, and variability. Am. Nat. 113, 659–669. >> doi:10.1086/283424
Harwell, M.A., Ragsdale, H.L., 1979. Eigengroup analyses of linear ecosystem models. Ecol. Model. 7, 239–255. >>doi:10.1016/0304-3800(79)90037-1
Harwell, M.A., Cropper, W.P., Ragsdale, H.L., 1977. Nutrient recycling and stability: A reevaluation. Ecology 58, 660–666. >> doi:10.2307/1939016
Holling, C.S., 1973. Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 4, 1–23. >> doi:10.1146/annurev.es.04.110173.000245
Ives, A.R., 1995. Measuring resilience in stochastic systems. Ecol. Monogr. 65, 217–233. >> doi:10.2307/2937138
Lee, J.J., Inman, D.L., 1975. The ecological role ofconsumers – an aggregated systems view. Ecology 56, 1455–1458. >> doi:10.2307/1934715
Loreau, M., 2000. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: Recent theoretical advances. Oikos 91, 3–17. >> doi:10.1034/j.1600-0706.2000.910101.x
Loreau, M., 1994. Material cycling and the stability of ecosystems. Am. Nat. 143, 508–513. >> doi:10.1086/285616
O’Neill, R.V., DeAngelis, D.L., Waide, J.B., Allen, T.F.H., 1986. A hierarchical concept of ecosystems. Princeton University Press. Princeton.
Pakhomov, O.Y., Gasso, V.Y., Goloborodko, K.K., Poljakov, M.V., Grycan, Y.I., Bulakhov, V.L., Brygadyrenko, V.V., Kljuchko, Z.F., Mezhzherin, S.V., Novicky, R.O., Pysanec, Y.M., Pljushh, I.G., Ponomarenko, O.L., Puchkov, O.V., Radchenko, V.G., 2011. Chervona knyga Dnipropetrovskoi oblasti. Tvarynnyj svit [The red book of Dnipropetrovsk region. Animals]. New Print, Dnipropetrovsk (in Ukrainian).
Pimm, S.L., Lawton, J.H., 1978. On feeding on more than one trophic level. Nature 275, 542–544. >> doi:10.1038/275542a0
Pimm, S.L., Raven, P., 2000. Extinction of numbers. Nature 403, 843–845. >> doi:10.1038/35002708
Pimm, S.L., 1984. The complexity and stability of ecosystems. Nature 307, 321–326. >> doi:10.1038/307321a0
Pimm, S.L., 1979. The structure of food webs. Theor. Popul. Biol. 16, 144–158. >> doi:10.1016/0040-5809(79)90010-8
Schmidt, M.H., Tscharntke, T., 2005. Landscape context of sheetweb spider (Araneae: Linyphiidae) abundance in cereal fields. J. Biogeogr. 32, 467–473. >> doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2004.01244.x
Steinman, A.D., Mulholland, P.J., Palumbo, A.V., Flum, T.F., DeAngelis, D.L., 1991. Resilience of lotic ecosystems to a light-elimination disturbance. Ecology 72, 1299–1313. >> doi:10.2307/1941103
Thies, C., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Tscharntke, T., 2003. Effects of landscape context on herbivory and parasitism at different spatial scales. Oikos 101, 18–25. >> doi:10.1034/j.1600-0706.2003.12567.x
Tscharntke, T., Klein, A.M., Kruess, A., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Thies, C., 2005. Landscape perspectives on agricultural intensification and biodiversity: Ecosystem service management. Ecol. Lett. 8, 857–874. >> doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2005.00782.x
Vincent, T.L., Anderson, L.R., 1979. Return time and vulnerability for a food chain model. Theor. Popul. Biol. 15, 217–231. >> doi:10.1016/0040-5809(79)90036-4
Published
2015-02-23
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>