Diversity and dynamics of amphibians in floodplain ecosystems of the Samara river


  • O. V. Zhukov Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University
  • N. L. Gubanova Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University
Keywords: amphibians, floodplain lime-ash forest, parcel, number, seasonal fluctuation

Abstract

High emphasis is placed on amphibian importance as a buffer system, which has inhibiting effect on technogenic transformation of biogeocoenoses. Issues of the animals’ use in biological restoration, ecological rehabilitation of technogenic landscapes and in bioindication of environmental conditions are covered. Сhange in any component of the ecosystem leads to changing of the whole ecosystem. Anuran amphibians are extremely vulnerable to harmful effects of many factors of natural and anthropogenic origin. That is why, the destruction of forests, draining of wetlands, global climate change, global and local environmental pollution lead to complete disappearance or drastic decrease in numbers of many species of amphibians, reduction and fragmentation of their habitats, increased diversity and overall proportion of morphological anomalies in the natural populations of this group of animals. Recent studies of morphological changes in amphibians are increasingly being used to assess the state of the natural state of their populations and quality of their environment. In the biogeocenoses which are in the conditions of transformation amphibians have a number of advantages relative to their activity, the rate of reproduction, and euribiont character. Practical recommendations on protection and enrichment of the regional herpetofauna are given. The impact of the number and species diversity of amphibians on forest ecosystems of the steppe Dnieperin various conditions is assessed. Parametric entropy factors, the coefficient of biodiversity helped to identify the dominant species of amphibians. Taking into account the influence of predictors, there is the possibility to determine the number and species diversity of amphibians in the conditions of floodplain lime-ash forest. As a result of recording, the following species were caught: Pelobates fuscus (Laurenti, 1768), Rana arvalis Nilsson, 1842, Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758), Bombina bombina (Linnaeus, 1758). In the number of amphibians there have been changes. Invariant ratio of the communities is the characteristic feature of the dynamics of amphibians, and the order of dominance. General diversity state of metagroup is 3.76. Diversity at the site level is 3.52, accordingly. 

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Published
2015-04-03
Section
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