Distribution of the steppe viper Vipera renardi (Reptilia, Viperidae) in Kharkiv region


  • A. I. Tupikov National Nature Park “Dvorichanskiy”
  • O. I. Zinenko Museum of Nature at V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University
Keywords: Vipera renardi, anthropogenic range shift, cadastre, extinction

Abstract

The up-to-date knowledge on the current state of populations of endangered species is essential for the development of sound species conservation strategy. The steppe viper Vipera renardi Christoph, 1861 (Reptilia, Viperidae)is vulnerable species listed in the Red book of Ukraine and the Red book of Kharkiv region. The article summarizes the historical distribution of the species and the current state of populations within the Kharkiv region. Data about the current state of populations was obtained during full-scale study of all previously known habitats and a number of potential ones. Eighty percent of historical populations known in the region were not confirmed and probably they had become extinct before the end of the XX century. The cause of such decline is unknown since the majority of historically known populations sites remain preserved until now. Among the most probable factors which have led to local extinction are delayed consequences of fragmentation (lost of genetic diversity, small population size which did not allow recovering after reaching the minimum population size during population fluctuations), pollution and side effects of pesticideapplication. The steppe viper is now absent in the northern forest-steppe part of the region. Thus, the northern border has displaced to the South and now goes along the northern border of the steppe zone. Currently five localities were confirmed within the Kharkiv region. The populations in the suburbs of Chervona Khvylya village and Shevchenkovo town are found by us for the first time.

References

Barbarych, A.I., 1977. Geobotanichne rajonuvannja Ukrai'ns'koi' RSR [Geobotanical zoning of Ukrainian SSR]. Naukova Dumka, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
Borozenec, V.A., Foroshhuk, V.P., 1998. Konceptual'nye voprosy sohranenija stepnyh jekosistem [The conceptual questions of the steppe ecosystems’ conservation]. Mat. Mizhnar. Nauk. Konf. Prysv. 100-richchju zap. Askanijs'kogo stepu. Aktual'ni pytannja zberezhennja ta vidnovlennja stepovyh ekosystem. Askanija-Nova. 158–160 (in Russian).
Gasso, V.J., 1998. Ispol'zovanie massovyh vidov presmykajushhihsja dlja biomonitoringa sostojanija okruzhajushhej sredy v zapovednikah [The use of mass species of reptiles for biomonitoring of the environment in protected areas]. Mat. Mizhnar. Nauk. Konf. Prysv. 100-richchju zap. Askanijs'kogo stepu. Aktual'ni pytannja zberezhennja ta vidnovlennja stepovyh ekosystem. Askanija-Nova. 255–257 (in Russian).
Gibbons, J.F., Scott, D.E., Ryan, T.J., Buhlmann, K.A., Tuberville, T.D., Metts, B.S., Greene, J.L., Mills, T., Leiden, Y., Poppy, S., Winne, C.T., 2000. The global decline of reptiles, déjà vu amphibians. www.bioscience.oxfordjournals.org/ content/50/8/653.full.pdf+html
Hanski, I., 2010. Uskol'zajushhij mir: Jekologicheskie posledstvija utraty mestoobitanij [The shrinking world: Ecological consequences of habitat loss]. KMK, Moskva (in Russian).
Hanski, I., 2011. Habitat loss, the dynamics of biodiversity, and a perspective on conservation. Ambio 40(3), 248–255. >> doi.org/10.1007/s13280-011-0147-3
Karmyshev, J.V., Pisanec, E.M., Sirenko, V.A., Sirenko, N.M., 1999. Materialy po sezonnoj aktivnosti stepnoj gadjuki (Vipera ursinii renardi Christ., 1861) na juge Ukrainy [The data of season activity of Steppe viper (Vipera ursinii renardi Christ., 1861) on the South of Ukraine]. Branta, Melitopol'. 63–64 (in Russian).
Kotenko, T.I., 1981. O stepnoj gadjuke na juge Ukrainy [About Steppe viper on the South of Ukraine]. Pjataja Vsesojuz. Gerpetol. Konf. Nauka, Leningrad. 73 (in Russian).
Madsen, T., Stille, B., Shine, R., 1996. Inbreeding depression in an isolated population of adders Vipera berus. Biol. Conserv. 75(2), 113–118. >> doi.org/10.1016/0006-3207(95)00067-4
Malysheva, G.S., Malahovskij, P.D., 2000. Pozhary i ih vlijanie na rastitel'nost' suhih stepej [Fires and their influence on the ve¬getation of dry steppe]. Botanicheskij Zhurnal 85(1), 96–103 (in Russian).
Pakhomov, O.Y., Gasso, V.Y., Goloborodko, K.K., Poljakov, M.V., Grycan, Y.I., Bulakhov, V.L., Brygadyrenko, V.V., Kljuchko, Z.F., Mezhzherin, S.V., Novicky, R.O., Pysanec, Y.M., Pljushh, I.G., Ponomarenko, O.L., Puchkov, O.V., Radchenko, V.G., 2011. Chervona knyga Dnipropetrovskoi oblasti. Tvarynnyj svit [The red book of Dnipropetrovsk region. Animals]. New Print, Dnipropetrovsk (in Ukrainian).
Pauli, D.B., Linder, G., Bishop, C.A., Krest, S.K. (ed.), 2010. Exotoxicology of amphibians and reptiles. Setac, Pensacola.
Pavlov, A.V., 2003. Sezonnye javlenija v zhizni stepnoj gadjuki (Vipera ursinii) v krajnej severnoj tochke ee obitanija [Seasonal phenomena in the life of Steppe viper (Vipera ursinii) in the very north point of its distribution]. Zmei Vostochnoj Evropy. Mat. Mezhdunar. Konf. 63–65 (in Russian).
Pengo, K.K., 1870. O rodovyh i vidovyh priznakah gadjuki Pelias (Vipera Daud.) berus Merrem, s dvumja raznostjami: a) pestroj (Pelias (Vipera Daud.) berus Merrem varietas varia) i b) odnocvetnoj ili chernoj (Pelias (Vipera Daud.) berus Merrem varietas nigra) [About family and species features of viper Pelias (Vipera Daud.) berus Merrem, with two differences: a) motley (Pelias (Vipera Daud.) berus Merrem varietas varia) and b) one-coloured or black (Pelias (Vipera Daud.) berus Merrem varietas nigra)]. Tr. Har'kov. O-va Ispyt. Prir. 2, 1–26 (in Russian).
Reading, C.J., Luiselli, L.M., Akani, G.C., Bonnet, X., Amori, G., Ballouard, J.M., Filippi, E., Naulleau, G., Pearson, D., Ru¬giero, L., 2010. Are snake populations in widespread decline? www.rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2010/06/03/rsbl.2010.0373.short >> doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2010.0373
Santos, X., Brito, J.C., Sillero, N., Pleguezuelos, J.M., Llorente, G.A., Fahd, S., Parellada, X., 2006. Inferring habitat-suitability areas with ecological modelling techniques and GIS: A contribution to assess the conservation status of Vipera latastei. Biol. Conserv. 130(3), 416–425. >> doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2006.01.003
Shalyt, M.S, Kalmykova, A.A., 1935. Stepnye pozhary i ih vlijanie na rastitel'nost' [Steppe fires and their influence on vegetation]. Botanicheskij Zhurnal 20(1), 100–110 (in Russian).
Shherbak, N.N. (ed.), 1989. Rukovodstvo po izucheniju zemnovodnyh i presmykajushhihsja [Manual book on research of amphibians and reptiles]. Kiev (in Russian).
Shherbak, N.N., 1966. Zemnovodnye i presmykajushhiesja Kryma. Herpetologia Taurica [Amphibians and reptiles of Crimea. Herpetologia Taurica]. Naukova Dumka, Kiev (in Russian).
Sukhow, G.F., 1928. Materіjaly do vivchennja gerpetofauni Poltavshhini [The data about research of reptiles’ fauna of Poltava region]. Zb. Poltav. Derzh. Muzeju, Poltava. 1, 251–256 (in Ukrainian).
Timoshenkov, V.A., Timoshenkova, V.V., 2007. Pozhary v Homutovskoj stepi: Prichiny, informacija, posledstvija [Fires in the Khomutovskyi steppe: Causes, information, effects]. Stepnoj Bjulleten' 23–24, 27–30 (in Russian).
Tokars'kyj, V.A. (ed.), 2013. Chervona knyga kharkivs'koi' oblasti. Tvarynnyj svit [The Red list of Kharkov region. Fauna]. Kharkiv (in Ukrainian).
Újvári, B., Madsen, T., Kotenko, T., Olsson, M., Shine, R., Wittzell, H., 2002. Low genetic diversity threatens imminent extinction for the Hungarian meadow viper (Vipera ursinii rakosiensis). Biol. Conserv. 105(1), 127–130.
Vasiljuk, A.V., 2009. Obshhestvennaja kampanija «Sohranim ukrainskie stepi!» Hronika pervogo polugodija [Social campaign “Save Ukrainian steppes!” The cronicles of first 6 months]. Stepnoj Bjulleten' 27, 26–29 (in Russian).
Vasiljuk, A.V., Kolomycev, G.K., Krivohizhaja, M.V., 2013. Geobotanicheskie okruga Vostochnoj Ukrainy otlichajutsja po sohrannosti stepej [Geobotanic districts of Eastern Ukraine are different because of the steppe preservation]. Stepnoj Bjulleten' 38, 9–12 (in Russian).
Vedmederja, V.I., Zinenko, A.I., Goncharenko, L.A., 2007. Katalog kollekcij Muzeja prirody Har'kovskogo nacional'nogo universiteta im. V.N. Karazina. Zmei (Reptilia: Serpentes) [Catalogue of the collections of the Museum of Nature at V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. Reptiles (Reptilia: Serpentes)]. Khar'kov (in Russian).
Zinenko, A.I., Bakiev, A.G., 2007. Ob izmenenii severnoj granicy areala stepnoj gadjuki, Vipera renardi (Reptilia, Viperidae), v evropejskoj chasti Rossii [About the displace of the northern border of the areal of Steppe viper, Vipera renardi (Reptilia, Viperidae), in the European part of Russia]. Vestn. Zool. 41(5), 478 (in Russian).
Published
2015-07-30
Section
Articles