Fish remnants from the excavations of the Bronze Age barrow near Maryanskoe village (Dnepropetrovsk region, Ukraine)
AbstractThe Bronze Age mound (2.5–2.3 kya BC) is located near the Maryanskoe village (Apostolovskyi district, Dnepropetrovsk region) and was excavated in 1953. The results of determination of the fish remnants, which were found during the excavation, are presented in the paper. Eleven species belonging to 9 genera, 5 families and 5 orders (Acipenseriformes, Cypriniformes, Siluriformes, Esociformes, Perciformes) were identified: russian sturgeon Acipenser gueldenstaedtii Brandt et Ratzeburg, 1833, stellate sturgeon A. stellatus Pallas, 1771, common ide Idus idus (Linnaeus, 1758), common roach Rutilus rutilus (Linnaeus, 1758), pontic roach R. frisii (Nordmann, 1840), common bream Abramis brama (Linnaeus, 1758), common carp Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758, tench Tinca tinca (Linnaeus, 1758), european catfish Silurus glanis Linnaeus, 1758, northern pike Esox lucius (Linnaeus, 1758), and zander Sander lucioperca (Linnaeus, 1758). Most of them are quite common in the Dnieper river basin. It was found that carp fishes predominate in the number of species. Most of the bone remnants in the collection belong to zander, catfish and pike, while common roach, pontic roach and common bream are identified by the few bones. This may indicate a different role of these species in the diet of the local population. The ratio of skeletal elements in the collection is the evidence of the fish cutting on the site. Body length and weight was reconstructed for 64 fish specimens. It was found that they were mature and small-sized, except for catfish, pike and perch. Taking into account the characteristics of the funeral rituals of the Yamna culture population, fish bones from the mound near Maryanskoe can be remnants of the parting meal.
Bibikova, V.I., 1963. Iz istorii izuchenija golocenovoj fauny pozvonochnyh v Vostochnoj Evrope [From the history of the study of Holocene vertebrate fauna in the Eastern Europe]. Prirodnaja Obstanovka i Fauny Proshlogo 1, 119–146 (in Russian).
Firmanskaja, A.I., Pokrovskaja, E.F., Berezovets, D.T., 1953. Otchet o rabote Mar'janskogo otrjada Nikopol'-Gavrilovskoj ekspedicii za 1953 g. [Report on the work of Maryanskyi unit of the Nikopol-Gavrilovskyi expedition for 1953]. Scientific Archive of the Institute of Archaeology NAS of Ukraine, No. 2078–2079 (in Russian).
Kishljaruk, V.M., 2011. Rybnyj promysel kak strategija zhizneobespechenija drevnih poselenij Nizhnego Pridnestrov'ja [Fishing as livelihood strategies of ancient settlements of Lower Transnistria]. Ecology of Ancient and Traditional Societies. Tjumen', 173–176 (in Russian).
Kul’baka, V., Kachur, V., 1998. Somatychni kul'ty bronzovogo viku pivdnja Shidnoi' Jevropy [Bronze age somatic cults in Southeastern Europe]. Mariupol, VPC PDTU (in Ukrainian).
Lebedev, V.D., 1960. Presnovodnaja chetvertichnaja ihtiofauna Evropejskoj chasti SSSR [Freshwater Quaternary Ichthyofauna of the European part of USSR]. MGU, Moscow (in Russian).
Lepiksaar, J., 1994. Introduction to osteology of fishes for palaeоzoologists. Göteborg.
Makowiecki, D., 2003. Historia ryb i rybołówstwa w holocenie na Niżu Polskim w świetle badań archeoichtiologicznych [History of fishes and fishing in Holocene on Polish Lowland in the light of archaeoichthyological studies]. IAiE PAN, Poznań (in Polish).
Movchan, Y.V., 2011. Ryby Ukrainy [Fishes of Ukraine]. Zoloti Vorota, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
Ol'hovskij, V.S., 1991. Pogrebal'no-pominal'naja obrjadnost' naselenija stepnoj Skifii [Funerary and memorial rites of the steppe Scythia population (VII–III cent. BC)]. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).
Radu, V., 2005. Atlas for the identification of bony fishes from archaeological sites. Editura Contrast, Bucureşti.
Smirnov, A.M., 1996. Kurgany i katakomby epohi bronzy na Severskom Donce [Mounds and the catacombs of the Bronze Age on the Seversky Donets]. Dissertation for obtaining the scientific degree Cand. Hist. Sci. Moscow (in Russian).
Svetovidov, A.N., 1948. K istorii ihtiofauny r. Dona [On the history of fish fauna of the Don River]. Materialy i issledovanija po arheologii SSSR 8, 124–127 (in Russian).
Voronenkova, L.D., 1964. O rybolovstve drevnih poselenij Podnestrov'ja (ІІІ–І tys. l. do n.je.) [On fishing of ancient settlements on the Dniester river (III–I kya BC)]. Voprosy Ihtiologii 4(3), 599–602 (in Russian).
Yanish, E.Y., Antipina, E.E., 2013. Promyslovye ryby drevnej Ol'vii (I-III vv. n.e.) i ee okrestnostej [Commercial fish from Ancient Olbia (1–3rd centuries AD) and its neighborhood]. Zoologicheskij Zh. 92(9), 1190–1200 (in Russian).
Zhiteneva, L.D., 1964. Promyslovaja fauna ryb i rybolovstvo bassejna Chernogo morja po arheologicheskim materialam [Fishing and fish fauna of the Black Sea fisheries on archaeological materials]. Dissertation for obtaining the scientific degree Cand. Biol. Sci., Moscow (in Russian).