Territorial pattern and classification of soils of Kryvyi Rih Iron-Ore Basin


  • О. О. Dolina Kryvyi Rih Botanical Garden of NAS of Ukraine, Kryvyi Rih
  • О. М. Smetana Kryvyi Rih Botanical Garden of NAS of Ukraine, Kryvyi Rih
Keywords: soil classification, soil cover structure, soil formation potential, hierarchy

Abstract

The authors developed the classification of soils and adapted it to the conditions of Krivyi Rih industrial region. It became the basis for determining the degree of soil cover transformation in the iron-ore basin under technogenesis. The classification represents the system of hierarchical objects of different taxonomic levels. It allows determination of relationships between objects and their properties. Researched patterns of soil cover structures’ distribution were the basis for the relevant mapping and classification of soils. The classification is adapted to highly-influential industrial conditions of soils formation in the region. The adaptation measures were specific classification levels and units, which provided more detailed differentiation of soils. The authors proposed to separate the soils by the degree of soil formation potential realization for super-divisions. The potential determination allowed predicting the outcome of soil formation and identification of transformation degree of soil cover structures in the region. The results indicated that the main type of soil structures in the industrial region was represented by primitive soils (indicated as a separate type). These soils were determined as dynamic elements in the structure of industrial region soil cover. The article indicated that presence of soil cover structures with the domination of technogenic soils, particularly post-technogenic soils, was the marker of the soil cover in Krivyi Rih Iron-Ore Basin

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Published
2014-10-14
Section
Articles