Micromorphological and physical properties of southern ravine soils in Dnipropetrovsk region
AbstractThe article contains the results of determination of physical and micromorphological properties of soils under natural ravine vegetation in the southern part of Dnipropetrovsk region. The value of ravine forests for the steppe zone of Ukraine is analyzed, and the methods of investigation are shown. Forest typology characteristics of the vegetation stationary test areas, as well as macro- and micromorphological characteristic of the soil profile, structural condition of the soil, its aggregate composition, and water stability of aggregates, are determined. Soil-forming processes in ravine ecosystems of the southern variant in Dnipropetrovsk region are diagnosed. Micromorphological studies of soil in the intact state, as well as analysis of produced thin sections, revealed the high degree of aggregation of the upper (0–60 cm) soil horizons. Structure formation is of zoogenic origin. Large amount of soil aggregates of coprolite structure is clearly seen under the microscope. Well decomposed plant residues are visible in the aggregates. Soil over the entire area of the section is of dark brown, almost black color. This is due to the large amount (80%) of organic substances indicating the active processes of humification. Fine grained humus is represented by plenty of equally spaced bunches of humones. Humus is in mull form. Skeleton is composed of different sized minerals, with quartz and feldspars dominating in its structure. Plasma is of humus-clay type, uniform over the entire area of the section and anisotropic with point illumination. Visible pore surface area is significant (65%) in the upper layers of the soil profile. Pores feature round and oblong regular shape. Often (on 50% of the pore area) the outbreaks of small invertebrates are found. With the depth of the soil profile, visible pore area decreases, as well as the aggregation. While correlating with the micromorphological characteristics, water stability of the soil structural aggregates reaches very high (80%) indices in the upper horizons of the soil profile and gradually decreases with the soil profile depth. Active biogenic microstructure formation, defining significant aggregation and looseness of microstructure, was diagnosed.
Adams, P.W., Sidle, R.C., 1987. Soil conditions in three recent landslides in Southeast Alaska. Forest Ecol. Manag. 18, 93–102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0378-1127(87)90136-8
Badorreck, A., Gerke, H.H., Hüttl, R.F., 2013. Morphology of physical soil crusts and infiltration patterns in an artificial catchment. Soil Tillage Res. 129, 1–8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2013.01.001
Bartz, M.L.C., Pasini, A., Gardner Brown, G., 2013. Earthworms as soil quality indicators in Brazilian no-tillage systems. Appl. Soil Ecol. 69, 39–48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2013.01.011
Becze-Deák, J., Langohr, R., Verrecchia, E.P., 1997. Small scale secondary CaCO3 accumulations in selected sections of the European loess belt. Morphological forms and potential for paleoenvironmental reconstruction. Geoderma 76(3–4), 221–252. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7061(96)00106-1
Bekarevich, N.E., Krechun, Z.A., 1964. Vodoprochnost’ pochvennoy strukturi i opredelenie eyo metodom agregatnogo analiza. Metodika issledovaniy v oblasti phiziki pochv [The water-soil structure and its determination by analysis of aggregate. Methods of research in the field of soil physics] 132–164 (in Russian).
Belgard, A.L., 1971. Stepnoe lesovedenie [Steppe Forestry]. Lesnaya promishlennost’, Moskow (in Russian).
Bilova, N.A., 1997. Ekologiya, mikromorfologiya, antropogenez lesnih pochv stepnoy zoni Ukraini [Ecology, micromorphology, anthropogenez of forest soils of the steppe zone of Ukraine]. Dnepropenrovsk University Press, Dnepropenrovsk (in Russian).
Bilova, N.A., Travleev, A.P., 1999. Estestvennie lesa i stepnie pochvi [Natural forest and grassland soils]. Dnepropenrovsk University Press, Dnepropenrovsk (in Russian).
Bimüller, C., Dannenmann, M., Tejedor, J., Margit von Lützow, Buegger, F., Meier, R., Haug, S., Schroll, R., Kögel-Knabner, I., 2014. Prolonged summer droughts retard soil N processing and stabilization in organomineral fractions. Soil Biol. Biochem. 68, 241–251. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2013.10.003
Bogner, C., Bauer, F., Trancón y Widemann, B., Viñan, P., Balcazar, L., Huwe, B., 2014. Quantifying the morphology of flow patterns in landslide-affected and unaffected soils. J. Hydrol. 511, 460–473. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.01.063
Churchman, G.J., 2013. The key role of micromorphology in studies of the genesis of clay minerals and their associations in soils and its relevance to advances in the philosophy of soil science. Turk. J. Earth Sci. 22, 376–390.
Devos, Y., Wouters, B., Vrydaghs, L., Tys, D., Bellens, T., Schryvers, A., 2013. A soil micromorphological study on the origins of the early medieval trading centre of Antwerp (Belgium). Quat. Int. 315, 167–183. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2013.07.014
Dobrovol’skiy, G.V., 1983. Metodicheskoe rukovodstvo po mikromorfologii pochv [Methodological guidance on soil micromorphology]. Moskow (in Russian).
Dorji, T., Odeh, I.O.A., Field, D.J., Baillie, I.C., 2014. Digital soil mapping of soil organic carbon stocks under different land use and land cover types in montane ecosystems, Eastern Himalayas. Forest Ecol. Manag. 318, 91–102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2014.01.003
Epelde, L., Becerril, J.M., Alkorta, I., Garbisu, C., 2014. Adaptive long-term monitoring of soil health in metal phytostabilization: Ecological attributes and ecosystem services based on soil microbial parameters. Int. J. Phytoremediation 16, 971–981.
Feng, Q., Endo, K.N., Guodong, C., 2002. Soil carbon in deserti-fied land in relation to site characteristics. Geoderma 106, 21–43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7061(01)00099-4
Gong, P., Wang, X.-P., Xue, Y.-G., Xu, B.-Q., Yao, T.-D., 2014. Mercury distribution in the foliage and soil profiles of the Tibetanforest: Processes and implications for regional cycling. Environ. Pollut. 188, 94–101. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2014.01.020
He, Z.L., Yang, X.E., Baligar, V.C., Calvert, D.V., 2003. Microbiological and biochemical indexing systems for assessing quality of acid soils. Adv. Agron. 78, 89–138. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(02)78003-6
Huang, D., Wang, K., Wu, W.L., 2007. Dynamics of soil physical and chemical properties and vegetation succession characteristics during grassland desertification under sheep grazing in an agro-pastoral transition zone in Northern China. J. Arid Environ. 70, 120–136. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2006.12.009
Jangorzo, N.S., Schwartz, C., Watteau, F., 2013. Image analysis of soil thin sections for a non-destructive quantification of aggregation in the early stages of pedogenesis. Eur. J. Soil Sci. doi: 10.1111/ejss.12110.
Khormali, F., Ghergherechi, S., Kehl, M., Ayoubi, S., 2012. Soil formation in loess-derived soils along a subhumid to humid climate gradient, Northeastern Iran. Geoderma 179–180, 113–122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2012.02.002
Le Guillou, C., Angers, D.A, Maron, P.A., Leterme, P., Menasseri-Aubry, S., 2012. Linking microbial community to soil water-stable aggregation during crop residue decomposition. Soil Biol. Biochem. 50, 126–133. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2012.03.009
Mochalova, E.F., 1956. Ispol’zovanie shlifov is pochv [Making thin sections of undisturbed soil with structure]. Pochvovedenie 10, 6–38 (in Russian).
Nestroy, O., 2008. Correlations of the Austrian Soil Classification 2000 with the WRB 2006. Soil Sci. 9(13), 174–176.
Nsanganwimana, F., Marchand, L., Douay, F., Mench, M., 2014. Arundo donax L., a Candidate for phytomanaging water and soils contaminated by trace elements and producing plant-based feedstock. A review. Int. J. Phytoremediation 16, 982–1017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15226514.2013.810580
Parfyonova, E.I., Yarilova, Y.A., 1977. Rukovodstvo k mikromorfologicheskim issledovaniyam v pochvovedenii [Guide to micromorphological studies in soil science]. Neuka, Moskow (in Russian).
Pronk, G.J., Heister, K., Kögel-Knabner, I., 2013. Is turnover and development of organic matter controlled by mineral composition? Soil Biol. Biochem. 67, 235–244. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2013.09.006
Ramezanpour, H., Pourmasoumi, M., 2012. Micromorphological aspects of two forest soils development derived from igneous rocks in Lahijan, Iran. J. Mt. Sci. 9, 646–655. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11629-012-2184-1
Revut, I.B., 1965. Pochva o sebe (Sovremenniy vzglyad na mehanicheskiy sostav i strukturu pochvi) [Soil about yourself (modern view on the mechanical composition and structure of the soil)]. Znanije, Moskow (in Russian).
Rizvi, S.H., Gauquelin, T., Gers, C., Guérold, F., Pagnout, C., Baldy, V., 2012. Calcium-magnesium liming of acidified forested catchments: Effects on humus morphology and functioning. Appl. Soil Ecol. 62, 81–87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2012.07.014
Secu, C.V., Patriche, C., Vasiliniuc, I., 2008. Aspects regarding the correlation of the Romanian Soil Taxonomy System (2003) with WRB (2006). Soil Sci. 9(13), 56–62.
Shi, W.-Y., Yan, M.-J., Zhang, J.-G., Guan, J.-H., Du, S., 2014. Soil CO2 emissions from five different types of land use on the semiarid Loess Plateau of China, with emphasis on the contribution of winter soil respiration. Atmos. Environ. 88, 74–82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.01.066
Shoba, S.A., 1981. Mikrofotometriya shlifov pochv [Microphotometers of thin soil]. Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta 3, 11–18.
Silva, E.A., Gomes, J.B.V., Filho, J.C.A., Vidal-Torrado, P., Cooper, M., Curi, N., 2012. Morphology, mineralogy and micromorphology of soils associated to summit depressions of the Northeastern Brazilian coastal plains. Cienc. Agrotecnol. 36, 507–517. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542012000500003
Sobocka, J., 2008. Position of technosols in the Slovak Soil Classification system and their correlation. Soil Sci. 9(13), 177–182.
Taghizadeh-Mehrjardi, R., Akbarzadeh, A., 2014. Soil physico-chemical, mineralogical, and micromorphological changes due to desertification processes in Yazd region, Iran. Arch. Agron. Soil Sci. 60, 487–506. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03650340.2013.817666
Vancampenhout, K., De Vos, B., Wouters, K., Swennen, R., Buurman, P., Deckers, J., 2012. Organic matter of subsoil horizons under broadleaved forest: Highly processed or labile and plant-derived? Soil Biol. Biochem. 50, 40–46. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2012.03.005
Wang, X., Erik, L.H., Cammeraat, C.C., Kalbitz, K., 2014. Soil aggregation and the stabilization of organic carbon as affected by erosion and deposition. Soil Biol. Biochem. 72, 55–65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2014.01.018
Zhao, T., Yan, H., Jiang, Y.L., Huang, Y.M., An, S.S., 2013. Effects of vegetation types on soil microbial biomass C, N, P on the Loess Hilly Area. Acta Ecol. Sin. 33, 5615–5622. http://dx.doi.org/10.5846/stxb201304160723
Zhenghu, D., Honglang, X., Xinrong, L., Zhibao, D., Gang, W., 2004. Evolution of soil properties on stabilized sands in the Tengger Desert, China. Geomorphology 59, 237–246. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2003.07.019
Zinn, Y.L., Guerra, A.R., Silva, C.A., Faria, J.A., Silva, T.A.C., 2014. Soil organic carbon and morphology as affected by pine plantation establishment in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Forest Ecol. Manag. 318, 261–269. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2014.01.034
Zúñiga, M.C., Feijoo, A.M., Quintero, H., Aldana, N.J., Carvajal, A.F., 2013. Farmers’ perceptions of earthworms and their role in soil. Appl. Soil Ecol. 69, 61–68. >> doi:10.1016/j.apsoil.2013.03.001