Indication of the condition of woody plants of parks in Dnipropetrovsk on morpho-physiological indexes


  • О. E. Ivanchenko Dnipropetrovsk State Agrarian-Economic University
  • V. P. Bessonova Dnipropetrovsk State Agrarian-Economic University
Keywords: industrial city, parks, phytomonitoring, dendroflora, morpho-physiological indices

Abstract

The condition of woody plants of parks in the city of Dnipropetrovsk on morpho-physiological index of model trees was investigated. The highest values on the V.A. Alekseev vitality index were recorded for plants in Gagarin Park and Sevastopolskiy Park, the lowest values for Kalinin Park and Мolodezhnyj Park. The lowest values for length and thickness of annual sprouting relative to the control (Petrikovka Park) were found in Kalinin, Globa and Molodezhnyj parks for all studied species of trees, the smallest difference from the control group of plants being found for Robinia pseudoacacia L. There was a lower quantity of leaves on the annual sprouting in plants in Globa, Kalinin and Мolodezhnyj parks. In other parks, the difference between the experiment and the control was not statistically significant. The area of leaves in the trees was lower in the city parks compared with those of the park in the village, with the exception of Gagarin Park. More important, relative to the above-mentioned parameters, were differences in the assimilation area of the annual sprouting, with the exception of Gagarin Park. The amount of chlorophyll a + b in leaves of woody plants of different parks of the city less than in control. The greatest differences of pigment concentration in the leaves of Acer platanoides L. and Tilia plathyphyllos Scop. were found in Kalinin Park. For the leaves of the R. pseudoacacia no significant differences were found between the content of the amount of chlorophyll a + b in the trees which grow in Gagarin, Khmelnitsky and Sevastopolskiy parks and the background values for this parameter. It was found that the amount of chlorophyll a + b in the leaves of T. plathyphyllos and R. pseudoacacia by weight of the leaves on the annual sprouting was lower in the city parks compared with the trees in the village park, with the exception of Gagarin Park. For A. platanoides this difference was found to be significant in all experimental sites. It is appropriate to use such parameters as the length of the annual sprouting as a bioindicator of the environment annual sprouting, the leaf area, the content of chlorophyll a + b based on the weight of the leaves annual sprouting and assimilation area. As test-objects species sensitive to anthropogenic pollution, such as T. plathyphyllos and A. platanoides should be used. The trees in the best condition of vitality (according to the whole complex of indicators) are those in Gagarin, Shevchenko and Sevastopolskiy parks, the worst are in Kalinin, Globa and Мolodezhnyj parks.

References

Alekseev, V.A., 1989. Diagnostika zhiznennogo sostojanija derev’ev i drevostoev [Diagnostics of the vital condition of trees and arborescence planting]. Lesovedenie 4, 51–57 (in Russian).
Babij, S.M., 2000. Differenciacija derev’ev v lesu, ih klassifikacija i opredelenie zhiznennogo sostojanija drevostoev [Differentiation of the trees in the forest, their classification and identification of the vital condition of arborescence planting]. Lesovedenie 4, 35–43 (in Russian).
Beljaeva, L.V., Nikolaevskij, B.C., Marenova, G.A., 1986. Biohimicheskie pokazateli dlja harakteristiki zagrjaznenija atmosfery i sostojanija rastenij [Biochemical parameters for the characterization of air pollution and plant health]. Jekologicheskie i fiziologo-biohimicheskie aspekty antropotolerantnosti rastenij. Tallinn, 52–54 (in Russian).
Berrang, P., Karnosky, D.F., Stanton, B.J., 1985. Environmental factors affecting tree health in New York City. J. Arboricult. 11, 185–189.
Bessonova, V.P., 1991. Morfo-funkcional’nye issledovanija rastenij v uslovijah zagrjaznenija sredy tjazhelymi metallami [Morphological and functional studies of plants in the environment polluted by heavy metals]. Dnipropetrovsk University Press, Dnipropetrovsk (in Russian).
Bessonova, V.P., 1992. Vpliv vazhkih metalіv na pіgmentnu sistemu listka [Influence of heavy metals on the leaf pigment systems]. Ukrainian Botanіcal Journal 49(2), 63–66 (in Ukrainian).
Bessonova, V.P., 1999. Citofiziologicheskie jeffekty vozdejstvija tjazhelyh metallov na rost i razvitie rastenij [Cytophysiological effects of heavy metals on the growth and development of plants]. Zaporizhzhya State University, Zaporizhzhya (in Russian).
Bessonova, V.P., 2001. Metody fitoindykacii’ v ocinci ekologichnogo stanu dovkillja [Phytoindication methods in the evaluation of the ecological state of the environment]. Zaporizhzhya State University, Zaporizhzhya (in Ukrainian).
Bessonova, V.P., 2006. Praktikum z fіzіologії roslin [Рractical work on plant physiology]. PP Svіdlera, Dnepropetrovsk (in Ukrainian).
Bessonova, V.P., Jusypiva, T.I., 2001. Semennoe vozobnovlenie drevesnyh rastenij i promyshlennye polljutanty (SO2 i NO2) [Seed regeneration of arborescence plants and industrial pollutants (SO2 and NO2)]. Zaporizhzhya State University, Zaporizhzhya (in Russian).
Bobyliov, Y.P., Brygadyrenko, V.V., Bulakhov, V.L., Gaichenko, V.A., Gasso, V.Y., Didukh, Y.P., Ivashov, A.V., Kucheriavyi, V.P., Maliovanyi, M.S., Mytsyk, L.P., Pakhomov, O.Y., Tsaryk, I.V., Shabanov, D.A., 2014. Ekologija [Ecology]. Folio, Kharkiv (in Ukrainian).
Britt, C., Johnston, M., 2008. Trees in Towns II: A new survey of urban trees in England and their condition and management. Department for Communities and Local Government (CLG), London.
Brygadyrenko, V.V., 2014. Influence of moisture conditions on the structure of litter invertebrate communities in shelterbelt and plantation forests in Southern Ukraine. Journal of Bio-Science 22, 77–88.
Brygadyrenko, V.V., Faly, L.I., Jakimets, K.G., 2012. Riznomanittja ugrupovan' gerpetobiju balky Tunel'na m. Dnipropetrovsk [Diversity of litter invertebrates communities from the Tunel’na Gully in Dnipropetrovsk city]. Vìsn. Dnìpropetr. Unìv. Ser. Bìol. Ekol. 20(1), 3–12 (in Ukrainian).
Buharina, I., Zhuravleva, A.N., Bolyshova, O.G., 2012. Gorodskie nasazhdenija: Jekologicheskij aspekt [Urban plantation: Ecological aspects]. Udmurt State University, Izhevsk (in Russian).
Buharina, I.L., Kuz’min, P.A., Gibadulina, I.I., 2013. Analiz soderzhanija fotosinteticheskih pigmentov v list’jah drevesnyh rastenij v uslovijah gorodskoj sredy (na primere g. Naberzhnye Chelny) [Analysis the content of photosynthetic pigments in leaves of arborescence plants in an urban environment (for example Naberezhnye Chelny)]. Bulletin of Udmurt University 1, 20–25 (in Russian).
Buharina, I.L., Pavarnicyna, T.M., Vedernikov, K.E., 2007. Jekologo-biologicheskie osobennosti drevesnyh rastenij v urbanizirovannoj srede [Ecological and biological characteristics of woody plants in urban environment]. FGOU Izhevskaja GSHA, Izhevsk (in Russian).
Faly, L.I., Brygadyrenko, V.V., 2014. Patterns in the horizontal structure of litter invertebrate communities in windbreak plantations in the steppe zone of the Ukraine. J. Plant Prot. Res. 54(4), 414–420.
Fedoruk, A.T., 1980. Drevesnye rastenija sadov i parkov Belorussii [Woody plants gardens and parks of Belarus]. Nauka i Tekhnika, Minsk (in Russian).
Glivljas, N.V., Nіkolajchuk, V.І., 2001. Vpliv vazhkih metalіv na rіst roslin ta vmіst hlorofіlu v listkah Lotus corniculatus L. [Effect of heavy metals on plant growth and content of chlorophyll in the leaves of Lotus corniculatus L.]. Scientific Bulletin of Uzhhorod University 9, 311–313 (in Ukrainian).
Gnativ, P.S., 2014. Funkcional’na diagnostyka v dendroekologii’ [Functional diagnostics in dendroecology]. Kamula, L’viv (in Ukrainian).
Gontar’, O.B., Svjatkovskaja, E.A., Trostenjuk, N.N., Korobejnikova, N.M., Shlapak, E.P., Nosatenko, O.J., 2013. Monitoring sostojanija drevesnyh nasazhdenij na nekotoryh obektah ozelenenija v central’noj chasti goroda Murmanska [Monitoring of tree plantations on some objects planting of greenery in the central part of Murmansk city]. Izvestija Samarskogo Nauchnogo Centra Rossijskoj Akademii Nauk 3(2), 621–625 (in Russian).
Hyungsuk, К., Ryu, Y., 2015. Seasonal variations in photosynthetic parameters and leaf area index in an urban park. Urban For. Urban Gree. 14(4), 1059–1067.
Ivanciv, V.V., Ivanciv, O.J., 2014. Ekologichni chynnyky pogirshennja stanu derevnyh nasadzhen’ mista Luc’ka [Ecological factors of deterioration condition arborescence plantations in Lutsk]. Pryroda Zahidnogo Polissja ta Pryleglyh Terytorij, Rozdil II. Biologija 11, 231–235 (in Ukrainian).
Jakubov, H.G., 2005. Jekologicheskij monitoring zelenyh nasazhdenij v Moskve [Ecological monitoring of green plantation in Moscow]. Statrit-N, Moscow (in Russian).
Klymenko, J.O., 2003. Derevna roslynnist’ starovynnyh parkiv Vinnychchyny [Woody plants in old parks of Vinnitsa region]. Scientific Bulletin Ukrainian National Forestry University 13(5), 299–302 (in Ukrainian).
Kocjubyns’ka, N.P., 2000. Ekologo-fiziologichni doslidzhennja roslyn v umovah promyslovyh pidpryjemstv [Ecological and physiological studies of plants in industrial environments]. Vìsn. Dnìpropetr. Unìv. Ser. Bìol. Ekol. 7, 31–35 (in Ukrainian).
Kolesnikova, I.P., 2004. Sostojanie drevesnyh nasazhdenij goroda Krasnodara i razrabotka predlozhenij po iz uluchsheniju [Status of Krasnodar wood plantations and the development of proposals for improvement]. Kuban State Agrarian University, Krasnodar (in Russian).
Kravchuk, L.A., 2011. Strukturno-funkcional’naja organizacija landshaftno-rekreacionnogo kompleksa v gorodah Belarusi [Structural and functional organization of landscape and recreational complex in the cities of Belarus]. Nauka i Tekhnika, Minsk (in Russian).
Kristen, L., Dexster, H.L., 2013. A comparison of tree methods for measuring local urban tree canapy cover. Arboriculture and Urban Forestry 39(2), 62–67.
Kulagin, A.A., Jusupov, A.A., 2008. O soderzhanii fotosinteticheskih pigmentov v hvoe listvennicy Sukacheva (Larix sukaczewii Dyl.) pri razvitii v uslovijah ajerotehnogennogo polimetallicheskogo zagrjaznenija okruzhajushhej sredy [About content of photosynthetic pigments in the needles Larix sukaczewii Dyl. in the development of airborne polymetallic pollution]. Izvestija Samarskogo Nauchnogo Centra Rossijskoj Akademii Nauk 10(2), 617–620 (in Russian).
Kulagin, A.J., Tagirova, O.V., Ibragimova, A.H., 2014. Sostojanie parkovyh nasazhdenij g. Sterlitamak (Respublika Bashkortostan) [State of parkland plantation Sterlitamak city (Bashkortostan)]. Mezhdunarodnyj Nauchno-Issledovatel’skij Zhur¬nal 3(22), 60–66 (in Russian).
Kulbachko, Y., Loza, I., Pakhomov, O., Didur, O., 2011. The zoological remediation of technogen faulted soil in the industrial region of the Ukraine Steppe zone. In: Behnassi, M. et al. (eds.), Sustainable agricultural development. Springer Science + Business Media, Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York, 115–123.
Kulhavy, D.L., Di, W., Unger, R., Daniel, I-K.H., Sun, J., 2014. Comparison of tree condition and value for city parks and Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches, Texas, U.S. Arboriculture and Urban Forestry 40(3), 165–177.
Lukina, J.M., 2011. Vlijanie tehnogennogo zagrjaznenija kombinata “Severonikel” na rost i razvitie drevesnyh rastenij: Na primere Betula szerepanovii Orlova [Influence of technogenic pollution combine “Severonikel” in the growth and development of arborescence plants: For example Betula сzerepanovii Orlova]. Petrozavodsk State University, Petrozavodsk (in Russian).
Mingaleva, N.A., 2012. Zhiznennoe sostojanie zelenyh nasazhdenij v urbanizirovannoj srede (na primere g. Syktyvkar) [The living condition of green spaces in the urban environment (for example, Syktyvkar)]. Syktyvkar State University, Syktyvkar (in Russian).
Mjening, U.D., 1985. Biomonitoring zagrjaznenija atmosfery s pomoshh’ju rastenij [Biomonitoring of air pollution with using plants]. Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad (in Russian).
Molchanov, A.A., Smirnov, V.V., 1967. Metodika izuchenija prirosta drevesnyh rastenij [Method of studying growth of arborescence plants]. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).
Mylen’ka, M.M., 2008. Vmist fotosyntetychnyh pigmentiv u lystkah Tilia cordata Mill. ta Acer negundo L. za umovy urbotehnogennogo zabrudnennja dovkillja [Content of photosynthetic pigments in leaves Tilia cordata Mill. and Acer negundo L. under urbotechnogenic pollution of environment]. Bulletin of Ukrainian National Forestry University 8(11), 201–206 (in Ukrainian).
Nikolaevskij, V.S., 1979. Biologicheskie osnovy gazoustojchivosti rastenij [Biological bases of gas resistance of plants]. Nauka, Novosibirsk (in Russian).
Parpan, V.I., Mylen’ka, M.M., 2009. Morfofiziologichni osoblyvosti Populus pyramidalis Roz. v umovah ur’otehnogennogo zabrudnennja seredovyshha [Morphophisiological especially Populus pyramidalis Roz. under aerotechnogenic pollution]. Ecology and Noospherology 20(3–4), 84–90 (in Ukrainian).
Rahmana, M.A., Armsonb, D., Ennosb, A.R., 2014. Effect of urbanization and climate change in the rooting zone on the growth and physiology of Pyrus calleryana. Urban For. Urban Gree. 13(2), 325–335.
Sadeghian, М.М., Vardanyan, Z., 2013. The benefits of urban parks, a review of urban research. Journal of Novel Applied Sciences 2(8), 231–237.
Sergejchik, S.A., 1994. Ustojchivost’ drevesnyh rastenij v tehnogennoj srede [Stability of arborescence plants in the technogenic environment]. Navuka i Tekhnika, Minsk (in Russian).
Shavnin, S.A., Gal’ko, V.A., Menshhikov, S.A., 2010. Zhizneustojchivost’ lesnyh jekosistem urbanizirovannoj territorii [Vital stability forest ecosystems of the urbanized area]. Izvestija of Orenburg State Agrarian University 27(3) 42–43 (in Russian).
Shherbatjuk, A.S., Rusakova, L.V., Jan’kova, L.S., 1994a. Sostojanie pigmentnogo kompleksa rastenij pri tehnogennom zagrjaznenii sredy [Status pigment complex plant at technogenic pollution of the environment]. Ocenka sostojanija vodnyh i nazemnyh jekologicheskih sistem: Jekologicheskie problemy Pribajkal’ja. Nauka, Novosibirsk, 113–120 (in Russian).
Shherbatjuk, A.S., Rusakova, L.V., Jan’kova, L.S., 1994b. Ocenka sostojanija vodnyh i nazemnyh jekologicheskih sistem: Jekologicheskie problemy Pribajkal’ja [Assessment of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems: Ecological problems of the Baikal region]. Nauka, Novosibirsk, 131–135 (in Russian).
Shherbatjuk, A.S., Rusakova, L.V., Suvorova, G.G., Jan’kova, L.S., 1991. Uglekislotnyj obmen hvojnyh Pribajkal’ja [Carbon dioxide exchange of conifers Pribaikalye]. Nauka, Novosibirsk (in Russian).
Shubert, R., 1988. Bioindikacija zagrjaznennyh nazemnyh jekosistem [Bioindication pollution of terrestrial ecosystems]. Mir, Moscow (in Russian).
Smit, U.H., 1985. Les i atmosfera [Forest and atmosphere]. Progress, Moscow (in Russian).
Stankevičienė, A., 2015. Phytosanitary condition of woody plants in forest parks in the city Lithuania. In: Problems of forest phytopathology and mycology: Materials of the IX International conference, October 19–24, 2015. Minsk – Moscow – Petrozavodsk. BSTU, Minsk, 201–204.
Stravinskienė, V., Snieškienė, V., Stankevičienė, A., 2015. Health condition of Tilia cordata Mill. trees growing in the urban environment. Urban For. Urban Gree. 14(1), 115–122.
Suslova, E., Polyakov, A., Kharkhota, L., 2013. Monitoring of woody plants in the park stands of the industrial cities in the South-East of Ukraine. Lietuvos Mokslų Akademija. Biologija 59(3), 271–278.
Tsvetkova, N.M., Pakhomov, O.Y., Serdyuk, S.M., Yakyba, M.S., 2016. Biologichne riznomanittja Ukrajiny. Dnipropetrovs'ka oblast'. Grunty. Metaly u gruntah [Bіological diversity of Ukraine. The Dnipropetrovsk region. Soils. Metalls in the soils]. Lira, Dnipropetrovsk (in Ukrainian).
Vasilevskaja, N.V., Lukina, J.M., 2011. Vlijanie tehnogennogo zagrjaznenija na dinamiku rosta i mezostrukturu list’ev Betula czerepanovii Orlova (Murmanskaja oblast’) [Influence of technogenic pollution on growth and mesostructure leaves of Betula czerepanovii Orlova (Murmansk region)]. Uchenye Zapiski Petrozavodskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta, Seria Estestvennie i Tehnicheskie Nauki 8, 14–18 (in Russian).
Voroshilova, L.C., 2006. Issledovanie sostojanija sosny obyknovennoj v uslovijah promyshlennogo goroda [Research status of Pinus sylvestris L. in industrial city]. Trudy Bratskogo Gosudarctvennogo Tehnicheskogo Universiteta 1(1), 99–101 (in Russian).
Zabuga, V.F., Zabuga, G.A., 1983а. Fotosinteticheskaja aktivnost’ krony sosny obyknovennoj [Photosynthetic activity of crown of Pinus sylvestris L.]. In: Jekologo-fiziologicheskie issledovanija fotosinteza i vodnogo rezhima v polevyh uslovijah. Trudy Vsesojuznogo soveshhanija, Irkutsk, 44–51 (in Russian).
Zabuga, V.F., Zabuga, G.A., 1983b. Jekologo-fiziologicheskie issledovanija fotosinteza i vodnogo rezhima rastenij v polevyh uslovijah [Ecological and physiological studies of photosynthesis and water regime of plants in the field conditions]. SIFIBR SO AN SSSR, Irkutsk, 44–51 (in Russian).
Zijatdinova, K.Z., Urazgil’din, R.V., Denisova, A.V., 2012. Morfologija list’ev i pobegov duba chereshchatogo (Quercus robur L.) v uslovijah zagrjaznenija okruzhajushhej sredy (na primere Ufimskogo promyshlennogo centra) [The morphology of the leaves and shoots of Quercus robur L. in conditions of environmental pollution (for example, the industrial center of Ufa)]. Izvestija Samarskogo Nauchnogo Centra Rossijskoj Akademii Nauk 14(6), 1466–1469 (in Russian).
Published
2016-02-11
Section
Articles