Assessment of soil quality in agroecosystems based on soil fauna

  • V. Langraf Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra
  • K. Petrovičová University of Agriculture in Nitra
  • J. Schlarmannová Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra
  • S. David Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra
  • T. A. Avtaeva Chechen State Pedagogical University
  • V. V. Brygadyrenko Oles Honchar Dnipro National University
Keywords: soil arthropods; index QBS; agrosystems; diversity; soil animals.

Abstract

Soil arthropods respond sensitively to land management practices and correlate with beneficial soil functions. The aim of this research was to determine soil quality using the QBS index in different types of crops and influence of soil variables (pH soil, soil moisture, potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen) on soil arthropods. Between the years 2018 and 2020, we studied different types of crops (Brassica napus, Pisum sativum, Triticum aestivum, T. spelta, Zea mays, Grass mixture and Hordeum vulgare) and recorded 14 taxa. Our results suggest a higher QBS index value in crops grass mixture, Pisum sativum, Triticum aestivum, T. spelta. The EMI value grew with increasing values of soil moisture, soil pH, phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen; indicating the presence of soil arthropods occurring in higher quality soil. Our results suggest that agricultural intensification affects soil arthropods, which are important for the production of biomass, which also affects crop yields.

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Published
2021-11-28
Section
Articles

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